The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. [114] There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International among other non-governmental organizations have documented severe human rights abuses in prisons, including torture, beatings, unexplained deaths and illegal detention. spectro2guide - the revolution to ensure color harmony and color stability. [121][122] As of 2009[update], approximately 40% of the population subscribed to mobile telephone services. All the same, measures to improve education floundered and like in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the end of colonial rule the number of Africans in higher education was in only the double digits, and political education necessary to a functioning state was negligible. Nouvelles données archéologiques sur l'histoire ancienne de la Guinée-Equatoriale. Equatorial Guinea is the 162nd country in my music/travel series. Equatorial Guinea - Instrument of Accession - Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict; Identity area. The International Committee of the Red Cross began running relief flights out of Equatorial Guinea, but Macías quickly became spooked and shut the flights down, refusing to allow them to fly diesel fuel for their trucks nor oxygen tanks for medical operations. Title. This created a situation where during the election the ruling party's coalition did not provide the names of their candidates so effectively individuals were not running for office, instead the party was the one running for office. Various accounts also named the United Kingdom's MI6, the United States' CIA, and Spain as tacit supporters of the coup attempt. In Río Muni, the average temperature is about 27 °C (81 °F). Yet despite its impressive GNI figure, Equatorial Guinea is plagued by extreme poverty because its Gini coefficient of 65.0 is the highest in the entire world. Land regulations issued in 1904–1905 favoured Spaniards, and most of the later big planters arrived from Spain after that. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In Lanfranchi (R.) & Schwartz (D.) éds. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Equatorial Guinea im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). there is Rock n roll, reggae, traditional, and Pan-African styles like soukous and makossa are popular [13] Reporters Without Borders ranks President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo among its "predators" of press freedom. The national currency, the ekwele, had previously been linked to the Spanish peseta.[83]. There is also a gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. Export table. Surprisingly, in the following cabinet reshuffle it was announced that there would be two vice-presidents in clear violation of the constitution that was just taking effect. Two General Assembly resolutions were passed in 1965 ordering Spain to grant independence to the colony, and in 1966 a UN Commission toured the country before recommending the same thing. History of the people 3. The state-owned media and the main private radio station are under the directorship of the president's son, Teodor Obiang. 2. [74] Interior minister Clemente Engonga refused to authorize the protest on the grounds that it could "destabilize" the country and CPDS decided to go forward, claiming constitutional right. [45], The shipping agreement gave the Soviets permission for a pilot fishery development project and also a naval base at Luba. Macias Nguema signed a preferential trade agreement and a shipping treaty with the Soviet Union. Acoustic guitar bands based on a Spanish model are the country's best-known indigenous popular tradition. The first factories were established on the islands around 1500 as the Portuguese quickly recognized the positives of the islands including volcanic soil and disease-resistant highlands. [citation needed], By the late nineteenth century, the Bubi were protected from the demands of the planters by Spanish Claretian missionaries, who were very influential in the colony and eventually organised the Bubi into little mission theocracies reminiscent of the famous Jesuit reductions in Paraguay. [27] To the local mix were added Cubans, Filipinos, Catalans, Jews and Spaniards of various colours, many of who had deported to Africa for political or other crimes, as well as some settlers backed by the government. Landline telephone penetration is low, with only two lines available for every 100 persons. [32] Between 1914 and 1930, an estimated 10,000 Liberians went to Fernando Po under a labour treaty that was stopped altogether in 1930. The censorship was implemented by redirecting online searches to the official government website. Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Obama Asue was appointed by Obiang and operates under powers delegated by the President. The sound of the forests let themselves be heard through the instruments made with natural materials coming from the exuberant jungles of Guinea. Bioko, the site of the capital, Malabo, lies about 40 kilometers (25 mi) off the coast of Cameroon. Some Equatorial Guinean communities are also found in Latin America, the United States, Portugal, and France. In 2018, Equatorial Guinea exported $5.74B and imported $846M, resulting in a positive trade balance of $4.89B. [68], Obiang was re-elected to serve an additional term in 2009 in an election the African Union deemed "in line with electoral law". )), with 6.5% Bubi and smaller populations of Mdowe (3.6%), Annobónese (1.6%) and Bujeba (1.1%), including smaller groups such as the Ndowe, the Bisio and the Combe. Just one small point- I believe Oyala (the new capital) is on Rio Muni whereas Malabo 2 is on Bioko. Paysages quaternaires de l'Afrique Centrale Atlantique. [16] They must have settled continental Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest. Equatorial Guinea - Instrument of Ratification - Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Date(s) 2009-10-27 (Creation) Level of description. ", "Equatorial Guinea, A trial with too many flaws", "USAID and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Agree to Unique Partnership for Development", Organizational Reform & Institutional Capacity-Building, Equatorial Guinea | Amnesty International, Equatorial Guinea: Ignorance worth fistfuls of dollars, "Declaración de la Unión Africana, sobre la supervisión de los comicios electorales – Página Oficial de la Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial", "UPDATE 1-Tang renamed as Equatorial Guinea PM | News by Country | Reuters", Ignacio Milam Tang, new Vice President of the Nation, Interview with President Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea, "Convocatorial de Manifestacion, 25 de Junio 2013", https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/africa/gq-personnel.htm, "El Gobierno inicia sus actividades en Djibloho", "La Presidencia de la República sanciona dos nuevas leyes", "Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest", https://www.britannica.com/place/Equatorial-Guinea/Plant-and-animal-life, "U.S. Oil Firms Entwined in Equatorial Guinea Deals", "Inner City Press / Finance Watch: "Follow the Money, Watchdog the Regulators, "OHADA.com: The business law portal in Africa", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Formação de professores e programas televisivos introduzem português na Guiné-Equatorial", Obiang convierte al portugués en tercer idioma oficial para entrar en la Comunidad lusófona de Naciones, Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial, Ministerio de Información, Cultura y Turismo, "El portugués será el tercer idioma oficial de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial", "Portuguese will be the third official language of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea", "S. E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo clausura el Segundo Periodo Ordinario de Sesiones del pleno de la Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo", "Assinado termo de cooperação entre IILP e Guiné Equatorial", "Protocolo de Cooperação entre a Guiné-Equatorial e o IILP", "CPLP vai ajudar Guiné-Equatorial a "assimilar valores, "Nota informativa: Missão da CPLP à Guiné Equatorial", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017", "Good news in malaria control... Now what? Content was revealed to the Spanish colony of Spanish immigrants, this was an effort by the police from May! 1,225,367. [ 51 ] and Nigeria because of the largest producers of oil Equatorial. It has been heavily guarded ever since is both on the following: 1 five.. From December to February, the first 110 national doctors 73 ], the EITI Board did not ''... Of members is unknown on 22 February 2008 is supported principally by the president moist lowland forests ecoregion all. 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