The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … This is particularly true for places with the highest risk of erosion , such as watersheds in Indonesia, India, the Philippines and more. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. Environmental Pollution Centers: Soil Pollution, Earth Eclipse: 9 Devastating Effects of Soil Pollution. Since plants usually are quite sensitive to changes in their natural environmental conditions, soil contamination can lead to a decline in fertility of the affected plants. Soil erosion is agriculture’s enemy: a major environmental threat to sustainability and productivity with knock-on effects on the climate crisis and food security. Some contaminants like heavy metals, pesticides, and herbicides might be carcinogenic in nature, while other chemicals can lead to congenital disorders. Excessive use of pesticides or fertilisers in agric… They also can cause toxic reactions in people and animals. It also plays a key role in the distribution of the plants. Soil pollution can also cause neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system, headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash. Soil is the home of a huge number of organisms. When plants grow in polluted soil, the yield is negatively impacted in terms of both quantity and quality. EFFECTS ON ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES – If soil pollution will take place it will also carry economic losses with it, the toxic chemicals and metals which are found in soil and because of soil pollution they will reduce the soil fertility and as a result we will be unable to grow crops and have to face economic losses in business. Specific wastes, such as radioactive waste become particularly hazardous when they are not well-contained. It can even be caused by natural sources. The different acids in the soil dissolve the soil crumbs which help to hold together the rock particles. Humans can be affected by soil pollution through the inhalation of gases emitted from soils moving upward, or through the inhalation of matter that is disturbed and transported by the wind because of the various human activities on the ground. ~ Foul smell due to industrial chemicals and gases might result in headaches, fatigue, nausea, etc., in many people. Soil pollution causes perilous effects on our environment and leads to several health hazards. Plants grown in polluted soil usually absorb the contaminants, which eventually enter the human body directly by consumption of such plants or through the food chain. Once soil contamination migrates to waterways, it may also accumulate in sediments, which can be very difficult to remediate and may affect local ecosystems and human health. This pollutes local water sources, including wells and springs, making the water dangerous to drink and for local wildlife and plants. Fungi and bacteria found in the soils cannot bind the soil due to chemical changes and this causes soil erosion. Radioactive heavy metals such as uranium, radium and plutonium pollute the soil in some places, either naturally or because of human activity. Ground pollution effects vary based on the specific type of soil pollution as each one causes a wide variety of harmful environmental effects. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 6 chemistry. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields pose one of the largest sources of soil pollution. Soil pollution may cause a variety of health problems, starting with headaches, nausea, fatigue, skin rash, eye irritation and potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer. ~ Creation of toxic dust is another potential effect of soil pollution. Soil pollution also has an impact on the quality of water and air. If you are considering buying a home, get your soil tested to make sure there are no problems in the land itself. He started working with Mechanical Turk and then started contracting with individuals and companies directly via the Web. These metals in the soil can cause plant fertility problems, and many of them, such as lead and arsenic, are poisonous to animals and people. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Soil pollution also spreads to polluted water that absorbs by the soil. They increase microbe levels, and reduce the oxygen content of the whole body of water. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields … The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Soil Pollution Leads to Air and Water Contamination. Soil does not need to be highly contaminated to be harmful to humans. Moreover, the fertility of plants is likely to be reduced due to the issue of soil pollution. Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. Soil erosion can also be an effect of soil pollution. The Effects of Soil Pollution on Humans Organ Damage. Humans can be harmed by contact with toxic and hazardous materials on a contaminated site via exposure to contaminated land, air, surface water, and ground water. Thus, the entire food chain suffers as a result of soil contamination. Land and soil pollution has substantial consequences for humans, animals, microorganisms and aquatic life. These organisms help to break down organic matter in the soil and help aerate the soil. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. Soil that is not significantly polluted may still harm humans indirectly, according to Pollution Issues... Cancer. Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, … Other heavy metals, such as lead, mercury, arsenic, and chromium rise to dangerous concentrations in the soil as a result of mining activities, industrial activity, and automobile use. Children are even more susceptible to the harms of soil pollution since they spend most of their time playing in close contact with the soil. Soil pollution negatively affects the lives of humans, … Some of the causes of soil pollution are given below: 1. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. The soil is also the storehouse and source of different types of gases. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. The failure of plants to grow in turn affects animals and humans dependent on these plants for food and other needs. Many plants are unable to grow on contaminated soil due to pH changes or other changes in soil composition. Some soil contaminants increase the risk of leukemia, while others can lead to kidney damage, liver problems and changes in the central nervous system. Even the plant… Some of the adverse effects are as follows: Plants will not be able to adapt to sudden changes occurring in the soil. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Polluted soil can harm humans by making contact with the soil or consuming vegetation produce from contaminated soils. This hinders food production and can lead to malnourishment in local communities. Soil pollution is the excess amount of chemicals in the soil that is toxic to the environment and its inhabitants. Pollution of every kind is harmful to nature. Agricultural runoff that is rich in pesticides and insecticides used in agriculture also end up in water bodies when farmland soil is eroded by rainwater. Those are just the long term effects of soil pollution. The radioactive metals also cause damage to the chromosomes of animals and people, leading to mutations, cancer, and a variety of other problems. In conclusion, the major types of environmental pollution are, air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. Soil pollutants eventually leach their way through the soil and into groundwater. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. In the short term, exposure to chemicals in the soil can lead to headaches, nausea, fatigue and skin rashes at the site of exposure. Effects on the fertility of plants. The health effects of soil contaminants depend on a variety of factors, such as the nature of the pollutant, mode of attack, and vulnerability of the exposed population. Since the volatile contaminants in the soil can be carried away into the atmosphere by winds or can seep into underground water reserves, soil pollution can be a direct contributor to air and water pollution. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Thus, oil pollution due to any cause greatly affects the quality of natural water bodies and is classified under pollution. Soil pollution, also known as soil contamination, is caused due to the presence of human-made chemicals in the soil at harmful concentrations. Therefore, there is reduction in crop yields. The effects of soil pollution are numerous. The pollution effect of microplastic particles is also related to many other factors, such as soil structure and composition, climate and environmental factors. Since soil pollution is not a lone standing entity, its effects are carried over as water pollution and air pollution. 8.3.4 Soil pollution Soil pollution occurs due to untreated disposal of industrial wastes into soil; it has high toxic contaminants, which leads to soil pollution. Effects of Soil Pollution Pollutants in soil, most often from industrial sources, deforestation and improper waste disposal, put animals and plants in danger. Slightly contaminated soil can harm humans through bioaccumulation. Rain can wash these nutrients out of the soil into lakes and ponds. Even slightly contaminated soil can be harmful to human health. On land, fertilizer-based soil pollution causes a wide variety of problems due to poisoning, such as: Salinization of the soil is a common pollution problem caused by irrigation in arid and semi-arid climates. 3. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. The presence of heavy metals in soil in toxic amounts can cause irreversible developmental damage in... Bioaccumulation. Effects of land pollution. Oil pollution in particular is a kind of water pollution, and a dangerous one at that. When harmful chemical and toxic elements are released into the soil, it can turn to be extremely dangerous for human beings. It is disturbing to think that the benefits of a healthy ecosystem are threatened by land and soil pollution. Water Pollution. Healthy soil is essential to the growth of good quality crops and other plants. There are many potential causes of soil pollution. The impacts of soil contamination described above also have negative effects on the health of animals and humans. Effects of Land & Soil Pollution. Jason Thompson has been self-employed as a freelance writer since 2007. Ecosystems. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Since the plants can not naturally get rid of these contaminants, they accumulate in the plants system, causing an ever increasing amount of pollution. Large tracts of land become barren; unable to support any life on it. Industrial chemicals, lead contamination, radioactive metals, leaking underground fuel tanks, improper disposal of hazardous materials, agricultural chemicals, salts, sewage, all are among the causes of modern soil pollution. Microbes living in the soil also die, which can cause areas with contaminated soil to become wastelands with little or no plant growth. The presence of a number of acids in the soil, such as hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, creates a damaging effect on soil referred to as soil friability. The contamination of soil with different harmful toxic chemicals is known as soil pollution. Some of the detrimental effects of soil pollution are described below. It can also contribute towards acid rain (by releasing huge quantities of ammonia into the atmosphere). Rainfall washes soil pollutants into nearby water bodies, and these toxic substances render the water unfit for consumption and domestic use. Effects of soil contamination on soil fertility. Effect on Health of Humans. Animals who then eat those plants, also humans, ingest all of the pollutants that accumulated in that pl… This eventually makes the soil unable to grow most crops. This irrigation causes salts to build up in the soil. 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