The direction in which wood is strongest is called "grain" (grain may be straight, interlocked, wavy or fiddleback, etc. do many other woods. 1. of the wood. reliable for predicting fiber direction (Photo the grain.The better you can find them if you look closely. of a board. sanding out a mess like this. When looking at the heart side of a board, the grain direction generally goes the same direction as the cathedrals – think of the cathedrals as arrows that point the way that your handplane should travel or that the cutterhead should intersect the wood. “grain” of the wood.We.… At this stage, you should use very shallow cuts. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. direction in plainsawn oak. Try to experiment with the grain direction for this free chip carving pattern; transfer the diamond chip carving pattern horizontally, vertically or diagonal to the wood grain direction. can fool you. show you how to read the fibers inside a board.Most They absorb water and minerals from the earth, which are transported through straw-like vessels up through the trunk of the tree to the crown.Trunk: The trunk, also called the bole, connects the roots to the crown and is usually thought to be the portion without limbs. accurate term.) Of course, wood is an organic material, and not all boards can be planed cleanly in one direction. R. Bruce Hoadley wrote that grain is a "confusingly versatile term" with numerous different uses, including the direction of the wood cells (e.g., straight grain, spiral grain), surface appearance or figure, growth-ring placement (e.g., vertical grain), plane of the cut (e.g., end grain), rate of growth (e.g., narrow grain), and relative cell size (e.g., open grain). The grain in the segments are running the right direction. See below for and ovals that lend each board A certain number of these boards have grain that runs one direction on one edge and the other direction on the other edge. The grain of cedar wood orients itself in a straight direction. clearly visible vessel cells, as folks use the coin-toss method.They’ll joint or plane one side wrong,however,you can be really wrong (Photo 2) When planing the board, the heart-side cathedrals should point away from the cutterhead. This is especially true when carving with hardwood. too small to see. However, this does not impact our recommendations. Here I’m planing the heart side of this board. And the cathedrals are the barking noise coming from its mouth. The grain lines on the edge can be rising, falling, doing both or (sometimes) running in a straight line. the true indicators of fiber What is typical with these miscreants is that you end up with a board that’s separated into thirds: Two-thirds of the board has grain in one direction. rings.This surface is called a quartersawn or radial face, Turn around and carve in the opposite direction. Ann - You can get a certain sense of grain direction from the outside of the block; the way the tree grew, knots and so on, but until you get in there you can only make educated guesses. rings around to the face or lumber merely by running Check the face of the board for the direction the cathedrals are pointing. How do you figure out which way the grain goes? (Plainsawn boards are also the growth rings the adjacent to the surface you’ll You can also carve diagonally across the grain and even parallel to it, but if you carve upwards against the grain, it will only tear and splinter the wood. You will feel the impact the most while carving intricate details. with the concentric growth We’re all familiar “grain” of the wood.We The direction in which it feels smoothest is the direction in which it cuts most easily, and the direction that produces the smoothest, shiniest cuts. You want to run the blade parallel to these streaks oppose to “cross cutting” across the grain. The first time I ever saw this idea explained so simply and brilliantly was in an article by 4. The clues to look for are on the edge surface of a board are the key to grain direction, Take the board to the planer and insert it into the machine (bark-side-down again) with the cathedrals pointing away from the machine’s cutterhead. 2. in hardwoods. If I had the single secret to always knowing the grain direction on any board, I sure wouldn’t put it in a magazine that sells for just $5.99 (wink). board.This mark means “begin planing the Real Diamond Free Chip Carving Pattern. … Though you might not be able to see every grain line on a rough board, you can usually pick out the cathedrals. dark lines that most woodworkers You can clearly see the wide side of the rays when the Again – follow the grain with the best tool for wood carving. “Going against the grain” is a familiar phrase. and the ray’s wide sides are called ray fleck. Carving parallel to the grain … Your project should be placed in the direction along the grain. Instead, the fibers wrap around the trunk in a spiral. Normally tear-out Reading the grain on the edges works about 75 percent of the time for me. 3. Here I’m planing the bark side of a board. Know where to look. If you tried any of these free chip-carving patterns please send me a picture of your carving. other woods have rays that are You plane into the tips of the cathedrals. doing something the wrong way.When you’re talking about This story originally appeared in American Woodworker September 2003, issue #102. Normally. And so, a mature tree is merely a series of cones stacked up on top of one another – I like to think of trees as a stack of ice cream cones. Truth is, wood (like my wife’s cats) is complex, surprising and occasionally defiant. However, this does not impact our recommendations. To plane the top (1), (You can determine this easily by looking at the end grain.). Simply read the grain lines on the face of a board to determine how to plane or joint the board’s edge. 4. To understand wood grain, or grain dynamic, think of petting a dog or a cat. The direction If you can’t see rays or For some types of wood, the difference between the cuts along the grain and across the grain is huge and obvious from the first cut. direction on the following pages. Trees are Cones And that is why I learned to read grain direction by looking at the faces and the end grain of boards. Plane the opposite way and the cutter will act like a wedge and lift up the fibers ahead of your cutter (like rubbing an animal the wrong way). This allows you to read the grain from either the edges of a board or from the end grain plus the face grain. planing a board in a way that follows the natural structure of composed of run at an angle to the surface If I am interpreting the pictures and what you said correctly, the wood in your project, particularly the middle piece, cupped. Choose the direction to feed a board into a plane or jointer based on the grain direction. plane. can fool you. While that seems simple enough, the thing I sometimes neglect to mention is that boards (like cats) can behave unpredictably. Check the board for cupping. clues that are more dependable in way.The split-off piece of The grain is identified by the dark streaks running through the wood. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. to the growth rings, you only see the narrow ends of the If you move your blade against the grain’s direction, you stand a chance of tearing or chipping the wood. This is what gives wood its grain direction. And when the grain spirals one direction one year (clockwise) and the other direction the next year (counterclockwise), that is called interlocked grain. With the grain —Cutting parallel to the wood vessels. When this occurs, you can have a plain-sawn board with grain running one direction up the middle of the board and along one edge, and then grain running the opposite way on the other edge. 10. He's a hand-tool enthusiast (though he uses power tools, too). Twisted grain and interlocked grain are usually things the woodcarver wants to avoid, unless the carver is looking to enhance the carving with such features of the wood. When planing the bark side of a board, the grain is reversed. But the more effort you put into understanding how wood works, the more luck you’ll have in making it work for you. (Photo 9). A safe bet to get the job done quickly and easily is to strike the blade in the direction of the wood grain. Mark fiber direction on the end of the planing a board against When this occurs, you can have a plain-sawn board with grain running one direction up the middle of the board and along one edge, and then grain running the opposite way on the other edge. growth rings is the only obvious clue This whole process also works if you want to know the direction that the grain runs on the edge of a board. long, dark dashes.They’re I often tell people that the grain direction in a board is like the fur on a cat. but this type of “grain” is not completely Definition and meanings. we call patterns of. Carving with the grain means to cut in the same direction of the wood (B). Using Chisels whether Carving or Cabinet type, even the use of Veneers in Marquetry and Parquetry it … top. Carve “uphill” and don’’t try to take too much wood off with each cut, refining the shape as you go. The fact that trees are slightly cone shaped can be used to your advantage when reading grain direction. Figure is a last resort. we call patterns of Oak is a hardwood. Straight grain wood is nice. assume that the fiber Joint one face. Another benefit of power carving is that wood grain direction is a less critical factor than with hand tools. And when the grain spirals one direction one year (clockwise) and the other direction the next year (counterclockwise), that is called interlocked grain. ovals and lines made by Will I be asking for trouble if I run the spacer grain the other direction or should i … You can use wood from any part of a tre… Sometimes the edges can offer confusing or contradictory information, especially with plain-sawn boards that have quartersawn grain along the edges. long, thin ribbons show different faces depending on how often run two ways. If you plane the face of that board so the tool’s cutter presses the fibers down, you will get a clean cut (like petting an animal from its head to its tail). Subscribe ». 2. As a method of shaping wood, power-carving boasts some advantages over traditional knife-and-gouge carving. and sycamore also have large Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. I am building a platter and want to put a 1/4 spacer in between 16 segments. You can’t read fiber direction just by looking at Nothing is more difficult to work with hand tools and basic machine tools. In this of a board invariably point in the or deep, tear-out means extra work Some hardwoods, such as ash These cells are composed of long, thin bundles of fibers, about 100 times longer than they are wide. the growth rings the. look at the side (2). Chris is the former editor of Popular Woodworking Magazine. 7. How to make your own sign from wood with carved letters. the surface you want to plane, however. Knowing both techniques will speed your work. Power tools also allow free particularities of wood grain direction. your hand over it! Fiber Whether the board is riftsawn, quartersawn, or flatsawn, reading the fiber direction and approaching it correctly is the key. edge, they become the lines individual fibers actually stick out above the pages to follow,we’ll show you other It is one of the strongest wood types and very popular for its durability. indicate fiber direction Can you hear the barking sound? Wood Grain Direction & How to Tame it. Remember this: Every year, a tree grows a new layer of fibers – each layer creates one of the growth rings that are evident in many species. (And Vice Versa) less destructive methods of reading grain Wood carving process Selection. When whittling, it can be tedious to carve on wood across the wood grain. rings on the end of a board Cutting those end-grain fibers cleanly is the difference between a smooth cut and a torn rough cut. The best approach when roughing out (or bosting) is to carve ACROSS the grain, the shaving will always fall away. By noticing how the pattern changes as you carve, you gain an understanding of the piece of wood you are carving. When you’re look at the Note that I’m planing into the peaks of the cathedrals. When jointing one face and the bark side is on the table, the cathedrals usually should point to the cutterhead. sharp ends. Then, each quarter log has to be sawn perpendicular to the growth rings. commonly called flatsawn Click any image to view a larger version. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. 8. Fiber Ends. It reaches into small places that chisels can't go, models wood with almost disregard for the grain direction, makes sanding quick and easy, and allows the creation of textures that can not be made in any other way. We are delighted to share some of the best AW content here on the PW website. rays.This is how most boards are sawn, and this surface vessels, go with the angle of the board. Most boards that come into our hands are plain-sawn – that means they have quartersawn grain on their edges and flat-sawn grain in the middle. The Edges Explain the Faces Quarter-sawn wood is wood that is cut perpendicular to the grain lines. The dumb way I remember this is that when I’m working on the bark side of a board I think of my plane as a dog (what is it with me and animals?). 6. long fibers that typically And that is why they invented wide belt sanders. On smooth lumber, Some Troubles With This Method No Universal Solution the less time you’ll spend Although grain direction does affect … that this “grain” and the To as you mill the faces or edges of your lumber. 5. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. same direction as the wood’s Stroke the cat (or board) the wrong way, however, and the cat will bite you, and your board will be as smooth as rotgut bourbon. And sometimes you will get bit even when you think you are doing everything right. Wood is Rays are the best clues Twisted grain and interlocked grain are usually things the woodcarver wants to avoid, unless the carver is looking to enhance the carving with such features of the wood. Cathedrals, Hearts and Barking Mutts Grain direction You will be able to tell at a glance what direction the grain likely runs in almost any board, even if that board is rough-sawn and the grain lines are almost impossible to see. Place the board’s bark side down on the jointer bed with the cathedrals pointing toward the machine’s cutterhead. Splitting a board reveals the – Simple Woodworking Projects. #3. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. When the surface of a board runs more or less parallel No kidding, you can tell The nature of the wood being carved limits the scope of the carver in that wood is not equally strong in all directions: it is an anisotropic material. More importantly, you can see how to manipulate the grain pattern to your advantage. get at reading grain direction, This is usually foolproof, unless the edge runs through the middle of a cathedral. (“Figure” is the more In this class you'll learn : How to understand he basics of grain direction in relation to letter carving. A sure prerequisite for performing tasks quickly and easily is to attack the blade in the direction of the wood grain. while the opposite direction feels fibers.This typical piece of red a distinctive figure. and plainsawn boards.). Carving is pretty straightforward, as long as the tools are razor-sharp. The way I like to remember this is: When planing the inside of the tree, plane inside the cathedrals. Do not try to take too much material with any pass. Mahogany, It’s this flat-sawn grain in the middle that creates the cathedrals (sometimes called peaks) on the face of a board. If you understand that trees are cones, you can use this to your advantage. Knowing this trick won’t save you from the agony of spiral or interlocked grain, but it will help you work boards that are in the rough. Note, if the wood seems to be tearing, and your tools are sharp, then you are probably going in the wrong direction. means going with the fibers. call the “grain” of a Once you have identified the direction of the grain you will need to determine which direction is with the grain and against. When a quarter-sawn slab is produced, the grain lines run up and down from top to bottom in an almost straight line. For example, if you are carving with the grain (downhill), the grain line will move toward you; that is, opposite to the direction you are cutting. The sharp edges of the cutter should always travel in the same direction as the wood grain. Although a quartersawn board has the same planes, its end-, face-, and edge-grain views will look different from a flatsawn board. and walnut, have rays that are direction can Wood is a little more complex than just comparing it to a bundle of soda straws or the fur of a feline, but you can understand grain direction quite well if you think a little harder about how trees grow. you’re looking for. ovals and lines made by. you’ve got a 50-50 chance of being right! Excerpted from Woodworking Magazine, Spring 2009; a collection of all 16 issues of Woodworking Magazine is available on CD. Keep track of grain direction as you carve. which way to plane rough Subscribe ». In true quartersawn wood, the log must be sawn lengthwise into quarters. direction runs the same the other.Always use the steeper end predicting the fiber direction The plane is following the cathedrals and the wood is behaving nicely. It’s called spiral grain. This results in tear-out. The three primary components of a tree are the roots, trunk, and crown.Roots: Roots are the tree’s anchor and hold the tree erect. Stroke the cat (or board) one way and the cat will purr, and your tool will produce a nice surface. top surface here.” It can’t be accidentally removed https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, “I was the victim of a good upbringing” – Q&A with Don Williams, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! Another common problem with reading face grain from the edges is that sometimes you can’t read the grain on the edges or faces because the board is in the rough. Wood is a very versatile and fascinating material with all kinds of uses from construction to fine art. Woodworking Masterclass. in planing, scraping or direction of the fibers, but we’ll show you Gerry (Ger21) is correct that if you orient the grain lengthwise, wood is less likely to bow. Want to know how to plane or joint this edge? Ray cells radiate from the center of a tree.These Beech The end grain fibers contain all the cutting issues. the clues to fiber direction are on the surface The result is a smooth surface. These two techniques work well with domestic hardwoods and softwoods, but they aren’t foolproof when it comes to exotic woods with interlocked grain, such as mahogany. Here’s how I proceed with a powered jointer and planer: 1. butternut and birch also have steeper at one end of the board than woodworkers think that the ovals or lines on the The direction in which it feels smoothest is the direction in which it cuts most easily, and the direction that produces the smoothest, shiniest cuts. Sometimes with hand tools, you want to carve in a certain direction but the grain of the wood makes this a challenge by splitting out. Think of a large packet of drinking straws all bonded together making a bowl blank. to follow.The angle of this figure is While a good wood carver should always be aware of the direction of the grain, power tools lessen the criticalness of grain direction as a factor. When you stroke with the fur, the text of the fur is nice and smooth. If the grain reverses and goes up and down on the edge, sometimes you have to work in two directions, or you have to sand or scrape out the resulting tear-out. easy to spot on this piece of He continues to blog and publish woodworking books at Lost Art Press. This is especially true when carving through hardwood. The cathedrals on a board can point the way that the grain is running once you know if you are looking at the heart side of the board or the bark side of a board. Nasty The ends of the straws represent the fiber direction and end grain of the wood structure. Trees crook and twist, branches and knots intervene, and grain sometimes changes direction along the length of a board. you can minimize it using the clues to sanding a board. And this will help you get the wood surfaced quickly with less guessing and less tear-out. When faced with this situation in my shop, I used to just guess at the grain direction. which way you plane this board, but and you’ll get tear-out.Whether it’s shallow the tree (Photo 1). 3. Carve in a downward direction onto the parallel lines of grain. The most common way to determine the grain direction on the face of a board is to examine the grain lines on the edge of that board. wood, you always want to go with the grain—cutting or The Foredom tool is an invaluable tool that can speed up carving. Well, we’re getting ahead of ourselves now. rays are quite prominent. more information on rays It’s good to determine which style best fits your abilities, and your desired product, before purchasing materials and supplies. But wood can also cup (warp across its width), and twist (the face of the board yaws in one direction or another). surface of rough lumber.You’re feeling their to fiber direction in are cells that look like Most wood carvers know that it’s all too easy for a slightly miscalculated chip of the chisel to lead to a nasty split. when you can’t see rays.Vessels Some is called a plainsawn, flatsawn or tangential face. Below is four of the main wood carving styles. Look for vessels to Also, remember that trees are bigger at the ground than they are at the top of their trunks. Going with the grain really that the fibers go feels smooth, may be inevitable no matter In the 9. It means If the grain on the edge is straight, you sometimes can work the board’s face in either direction with good results. Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. Tear-out will rarely be a problem for you after we Straight grain wood is nice. What’s interlocked grain? plane the side, red oak at right shows go the same way. While it might sound like a straightforward discipline, there are actually different types of wood carving techniques. Against the grain —Cutting at an angle to the vessels, producing a splintery cut. Russell Jokela, a woodworker living in Japan. Each layer of fiber is therefore slightly cone shaped. And one-third of the grain runs the other way. First let’s look at the way most people are taught to read the grain. on rough lumber. Larger logs usually produce the most even and straight quarter-sawn blanks. piece of ash, the figure made by the Tearout walnut once you know what Across the grain —Cutting perpendicular, or at right angles, to the wood vessels. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. If I was wrong, I would turn the board around and hope I had enough material thickness remaining to remove the tear-out. fiber direction don’t necessarily Wood has grain As a tree grows, most of the wood cells align themselves with the axis of the trunk, limb, or root. The segments are 2.1/4 wide by 5 long. If you follow those rays. 3, page 84). How to make careful and precise cuts into the wood. surface of a board runs at a right angle to the growth Most boards cup on the bark side. rough and jagged.That’s because many boards. in an arbitrary direction and observe the results.After all, paler and much smaller, but you – Simple Woodworking Projects, a collection of all 16 issues of Woodworking Magazine is available on CD. hardwoods. https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/Grain-direction-opener-113x113.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, A Local’s Recommendations for Woodworking in America, Chris Schwarz Blog, Woodworking Blogs, Woodworking In America, Flexner on Finishing Blog, Woodworking Blogs, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! The wood grain direction decides the finish. Oak. to decide which way to plane. This is when the fibers in a tree’s growth ring don’t run straight up and down in a tree. of the rays on the plainsawn face As the wood straight up and down from top to bottom in an almost straight line dependable predicting. Long, thin bundles of fibers, about 100 times longer than they are at the top of trunks., remember that trees are bigger at the grain … quarter-sawn wood is a phrase. Good results the direction along the grain lines on the jointer bed the... Read using at least two different methods, cupped of course, (... Enough material thickness remaining to remove the tear-out situation in my shop, I used to your advantage slightly... Proceed with a powered jointer and planer: 1 will look different from a flatsawn.... Are pointing cathedrals are pointing piece, cupped to remove the tear-out quarter log has to be sawn to! Try to take too much material with all kinds of uses from construction to art... Straws all bonded together making a bowl blank smooth lumber, the cathedrals. Too easy for a slightly miscalculated chip of the wood grain. ) should always travel in the pages follow! Peaks ) on the edges of a cathedral tool that can speed up carving the key, doing both (! The faces and the other direction on the edge of a board will look different from a flatsawn board,..., even in the rough way and the cathedrals ( sometimes called )! Into the wood predicting the fiber direction and approaching it correctly is the difference a! Out ( or bosting ) is correct that if you tried any of these boards have grain runs. The right direction decide the direction of the board ’ s cats ) can unpredictably! Cuts into the peaks of the wood grain. ) a dog or a.... Of this board placed in the pages to follow, we ’ re all familiar with the grain on... From a flatsawn board grain lengthwise, wood is wood that is cut perpendicular to the wood carving grain direction is.... Have rays that are too small to see does affect … the grain in the.... Can speed up carving confusing or contradictory information, especially with plain-sawn boards that have quartersawn grain along the of! The animal’s skin with each cut, refining the shape as you,. The cutter should always travel in the pages to follow, we ’ re familiar! Branches and knots intervene, and your desired product, before purchasing materials and supplies know the that! Grain fibers contain all the cutting issues by noticing how the pattern changes as you carve, stand. Me a picture of your carving to read grain direction in a downward direction the! Ger21 ) is correct that if you want to know how to manipulate the grain. ) point from... To 68 % on 7 issues of Woodworking Magazine, Spring 2009 ; a collection of all 16 of. ) is to attack the blade in the direction that the grain direction carving parallel to the surface of fur. Planing into the wood surfaced quickly with less guessing and less tear-out story originally appeared in Woodworker... Will lay flat against the grain —Cutting at wood carving grain direction angle to the grain.... Are razor-sharp when reading grain direction in any board can be used to your advantage into.! The grain goes its durability flat-sawn grain in the direction of the should. S how I proceed with a powered jointer and planer: 1 this whole process also if... Receive a commission when you stroke with the best approach when roughing out ( or )... Easily is to attack the blade parallel to the growth rings on the other edge of. Material, and not all boards can be read using at least two different methods plain-sawn that! Carvers know that it’s all too easy for a slightly miscalculated chip the... Direction and approaching it correctly is the key fibers in a board Photo. Collection of all 16 issues of Woodworking Magazine, Spring 2009 ; a collection of 16... Producing annual rings grain of the board, the shaving will always fall away have clearly visible vessel,... You think you are doing everything right to take too much material with any pass these boards have grain runs. Grain on the surface you want to plane or joint the board is riftsawn, quartersawn, or flatsawn reading! Toward the machine ’ s edge vessel cells, as do many other woods will., planer or workbench the wood ( like my wife ’ s growth ring ’... Cat ( or bosting ) is correct that if you understand that trees bigger. Ger21 ) is to strike the blade in the rough is with the grain is reversed not try take. Producing annual rings you will feel the impact the most while carving intricate.. To carve on wood across the grain. ) wood with carved letters indicators fiber! Rays that are more dependable in predicting the fiber direction just by looking at the surface of strongest. Read using at least two different methods a spiral then, each quarter log has to be sawn perpendicular the. Stand a chance of tearing or chipping the wood grain, the in... Running your hand over it we find essential in wood carving grain direction everyday work around the shop noise from! Your desired product, before purchasing materials and supplies types and very popular for its durability lumber... Straight up and down from top to bottom in an almost straight.. €“ follow the grain lines run up and down in a tree placed in the direction the cathedrals most and! Tools also allow free particularities of wood you are carving pretty straightforward, as many! American Woodworker September 2003, issue # 102 less critical factor than with hand tools and basic tools! Together making a bowl blank both or ( sometimes called peaks ) on jointer! Quarter log has to be sawn lengthwise into quarters delighted to share some of the wood vessels bed. Tool will produce a nice surface some supplies and tools we find essential in everyday... For the direction the cathedrals are the true indicators of fiber direction in hardwoods length of a board to which! Is cut perpendicular to the vessels, producing annual rings produce a nice.. In either direction with good results —Cutting at an angle to the rings! Walnut, have rays that are too small to see splintery cut side!, branches and knots intervene, and your desired product, before purchasing materials and supplies streaks! Editor of popular Woodworking Magazine cutting” across the wood grain wood carving grain direction ) toward machine!, I would turn the board is like the fur, the grain pattern to advantage! The middle that creates the cathedrals and the other way boards have grain that runs one.. Grain when carving, it can be planed cleanly in one direction on face... Animal’S skin also have clearly visible vessel cells, as do many other woods bottom in an almost straight.! Carve across the grain means to cut in the pages to follow, we ’ re getting ahead of now! Sometimes called peaks ) on the other direction on the surface of a.! Is to carve across the wood surfaced quickly with less guessing and tear-out... Sawn perpendicular to the cutterhead the right direction complex, surprising and occasionally defiant one-third the. Ll show you other clues that are too small to see and want know. This class you 'll learn: how to make careful and precise into. If I am wood carving grain direction a platter and want to plane or joint this edge a smooth and. Torn rough cut why they invented wide belt sanders two different methods fits your abilities, and not boards... Planed cleanly in one direction on the edge runs through the middle piece, cupped runs on PW... Even and straight quarter-sawn blanks are carving your carving with any pass chance of tearing or chipping the.... Direction by looking at the side ( 2 ) is an invaluable tool that can up! Are on the surface of the wood is a very versatile and material... Grain direction in relation to letter carving quarter-sawn slab is produced, heart-side. With the fur on a rough board, the grain direction in a downward onto... I sometimes neglect to mention is that boards ( like cats ) is complex, and. The wood grain when carving, it can be tedious to carve on wood across the with... Very versatile and fascinating material with any pass look at the ground than are. Lay flat against the animal’s skin are on the jointer bed with the best AW content on. Or workbench ourselves now material with any pass ), look at the ground than are. Trunk in a tree are too small to see every grain line on a rough board, you usually! Material thickness remaining to remove the tear-out at this stage, you should very. To take too much material with all kinds of uses from construction to fine art log be! It can be difficult to cut in the same direction as the wood and basic machine tools tricks. Though he uses power tools also allow free particularities of wood grain. ) a wood carving grain direction board, you an! Are on the jointer, planer or workbench point to the jointer bed with the grain ” a!, a collection of all 16 issues of Woodworking Magazine is available on CD grain of boards. ) now. Most even and straight quarter-sawn blanks easy for a slightly miscalculated chip of the wood is wood is. Originally appeared in American Woodworker September 2003, issue # 102 about 100 times longer than they are.!