Johannesburg is located in Gauteng province in the northern interior. Blue Downs What to Pack: Pack light, breathable clothing, but be prepared for rain too. The main factors influencing conditions are altitude and the surrounding oceans. Melkbosstrand With an average of 20.9 °C | 69.6 °F, January is the warmest month. Durbanville Even in the Kalahari Desert, nighttime temperatures can drop below freezing. Water temperatures are warm and ideal for swimming. Of course, these averages change dramatically from region to region. Averages are for Upington, which is 4 miles from Upington. April and May are the best months for trekking in the Drakensberg. The water temperature in Cape Town (Atlantic Ocean) is on an annual average at about 15.60°C | 60.08°F. Predicting shifts in rainfall patterns in South Africa is much less certain. What to pack: During these months, pack clothes that are cool, lightweight and comfortable, as temperatures can be scorching. The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.Temperate climates are rare across the continent except at very high elevations and along the fringes. Like Durban, the Drakensberg Mountains are located in KwaZulu-Natal. However, their increased elevation means that even in the height of summer, they offer a respite from the hot temperatures of the coast. Cape Town is also quite windy at this time. Generally speaking, temperatures at the coast are more consistent throughout the year, while the arid and mountainous areas of the interior see the greatest fluctuation in seasonal temperatures. Helderberg Village Spring is an extremely pleasant time to visit South Africa. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. The sea is positively warm in summer and refreshingly cool in winter. The climate conditions in South Africa ranges from desert and semi-desert in the north west of the country to sub-tropical on the eastern coastline. April and May form one rainy season, October and November the other. Klapmuts, © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Cape Town Weather by month // weather averages, Cape Town Climate graph // Weather by Month. Best time of the year to travel to South Africa depends on what you want to do. Average monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures. Pack swimwear if you'll be visiting the beach. The average annual rainfall for South Africa is about 464 mm (compared to a global average of 786 mm) but large and unpredictable variations are common. The Indian Ocean washes Durban's shores. The annual average rainfall per annum for the 4 years 2012 – 2015 is 544 mm. The climate for most of the Garden Route is similar to that of Cape Town. While Kruger National Park offers safari opportunities year-round, many prefer the dry, mild winter months to the wetter summer months. The shoulder seasons are often the most pleasant. Elsiesrivier 603.4 billion m³/year (Long-term average annual precipitation in volume (billion m³/year 2017) ... Water Use in South Africa Total, by Sector, and by Year. Kuilsrivier Weather SA maintains historical rainfall maps as well as daily and ten-day rainfall … Rainfall here ranges from 500mm to 1400mm annually. In winter, the weather in the Karoo is dry and mild. Parow Average rainfall totals are between 600 and 1,000 millimeters (23.6 and 39.4 in) in most of the major populated areas of the southern altiplano, including Mexico City and Guadalajara. Anouk is a travel writer, editor, and agent raised in Malawi and Kenya with more than 15 years of experience working in the African travel industry. Somerset West South Africa experiences winter and summer at opposite times as comp… Winter in South Africa brings about unpredictable weather from June through August that can vary wildly depending on where you're visiting. The temperature here averages 16.9 °C | 62.4 °F. It is a land of arid desert and lush tropical coasts, of temperate woodland and snow-capped mountains. Overgauw Wine Estate contributed 63 years’ rainfall data (1949-2012). Further south the climate is hotter and drier. Summers are warm and generally dry, and at times the city has been plagued by drought. An exception to the overall rainfall pattern of South Africa 's climate is the south-western part of the Western Cape province. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. Although the annual total rainfall for South Africa for the 12 months Jan – Dec 2015, was the lowest annual total since 1904, the 4-year period 1930 – 1933 might still be the driest continuous period experienced in South Africa. Rainfall can be significant here during the summer months, but for the most part, the thunderstorms are interspersed with perfect weather. Bellville You can find up-to-date rainfall maps as well as links to rainfall data on Drought SA . Your Trip to South Africa: The Complete Guide. The climate in South Africa is typically mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights. For example, Cape Town might dip to 47 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees Celsius) in July while it's 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in Durban. What to pack: Your packing list for fall should include some of the lighter clothing you'd pack for summer, as well as a jacket or sweater for the occasional chilly day. Most overseas visitors think of South Africa as a land drenched in perpetual sunshine. Here we find a typical Mediterranean climate with the rainfall occurring during the winter period, coming in from the Atlantic ocean. The summer months in South Africa bring about hot, tropical weather throughout much of the country, making for great getaways in December, January, and February. Annual Weather Averages Near Upington. The Development of an Integrated (Early Warning) System for Hydrological Drought Prediction in South Africa; Seamless Forecasting of Rainfall and Temperature for Adaptation of Farming Practices to Climate Variability; 2018 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report; Defining South Africa’s Climate Change Adaptation Research Agenda Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The Karoo is a vast region of semi-desert wilderness that covers some 153,000 square miles square kilometers and spans three provinces in the center of South Africa. Climate and average weather for Durban (KwaZulu-Natal), South Africa displayed in graphs. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Csb. Most of the precipitation here falls in June, averaging 143 mm | 5.6 inch. The climate here is classified as BSk by the Köppen-Geiger system. The terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain. In May, there are showers and heavy clouds. The average annual temperature in Bloemfontein is 16.1 °C | 61.0 °F. Throughout the year, temperatures vary by 8.1 °C | 46.6 °F. Climate overview Annual State of the Climate 2019 Average Surface Temperature Mean annual temperature anomalies were calculated from 26 spatially well-distributed and representative climate stations. Situated in the northeast province of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban enjoys a tropical climate and weather that remains fairly warm all year round. The annual average temperature for 2019 for South Africa was in the region of 1,1°C higher than the 1981—2010 average. July is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 12.8 °C | 55.0 °F. The annual average rainfall for South Africa, calculated over the full 112 years, is 608 mm. Agriculture, one of the main industries in South Africa, is highly exposed to climate change. In Swaziland, a small country bordering South Africa and Mozambique, mountainous in the west and hilly in the east, the climate varies mainly with altitude.Throughout the country, there is a rainy season from mid-October to mid-April and a dry season from mid-April to mid-October, but in the western area, where the altitude is higher, rainfall is more abundant. Around the lower Orange River area, temperatures frequently exceed 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius). The average annual rainfall for this area is 515 mm. The lowest water temperatures are seen around the year around July 27 at 14.30°C | 57.74°F. The closest Ocean of Cape Town is Atlantic Ocean, The closest Airports of Cape Town are: Cape Town International Airport (CPT) 17.12km,George Airport (GRJ) 365.71km, You can reach Cape Town from this Cities by Plane: London (LHR), Port Elizabeth (PLZ), Luanda (LAD), Durban (DUR), Gaborone (GBE), Dubai (DXB), Windhoek (WDH), Port Louis (MRU), Maun (MUB), Amsterdam (AMS), Misty Cliffs Pine Haven Parts of South Africa see summer highs get up to 81 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), with averages closer to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius), while the mild winters produce average highs of approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius). Notes: Years with missing data left empty. Rainfall is higher in the far north, including Etosha and the Zambezi Region (Caprivi Strip). Again, the most pleasant time of year to visit is usually in spring or fall. Where can I find rainfall data for South Africa? The most extreme is at Wemmershoek in the mountains above Franschhoek, where the average yearly rainfall is more than 3 000 mm. This also includes the eastern African countries like Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania etc. Climate overview Annual Climate Summary 2018 Temperature Mean annual temperature anomalies were calculated from 26 spatially well-distributed and representative climate stations. Brackenfell Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. Johannesburg, South Africa, has a subtropical highland climate classified as Cwb under the Köppen climatic classification.Characterized by hot, rainy days and cool evenings in summer and relatively dry sunny days and cold nights in winter, Johannesburg is generally sunny throughout the year, with winter being the sunniest season. For most of the country, the rains usually coincide with the summer months, although the Western Cape (including Cape Town) is an exception to this rule. Simon's Town Mitchells Plain In April, temperatures drop slightly more, and fog usually occurs. A Warmer Cape Region By the end of this century, southern Africa will be an average of 3.4°C warmer, according to the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. For Pretoria in January the daily average maximum temperatures is 29°C with the average minimum 15°C, while in June the average maximum is 20°C with a minimum of 1°C. Located in the far south of the country in the Western Cape, Cape Town has a temperate climate similar to that of Europe or North America. Kruger (2006) found an increase in extreme wet seasons and extreme dry seasons over parts of South Africa, as well as an increase in high daily rainfall totals. The average yearly at Alice in the foothills of the Amatola Mountains is about 500 mm, but at Wolfridge in the mountains, the yearly rainfall is about 1 700 mm. Snow is common in the mountains. The east coast is on the Indian Ocean, which has a warm current. Starting in September, temperatures usually climb above 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius) in Cape Town and to almost 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius) in Pretoria. There is not much rainfall in Bloemfontein all year long. Temperatures in Cape Town typically hover around 65 degrees Fahrenheit, while Johannesburg is usually above 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). The driest month is January. Masiphumele Regardless of when or where you travel in South Africa, it's a good idea to pack for all occasions. The rainy season is longest in the northern part of the region, where it lasts from November to March. Winters are mild, sunny, and typically dry. Temperatures continue to rise over the season, as rains decrease, making this a great season to explore the country. Depending on when you travel and where you go, it is possible to encounter almost every different kind of weather extreme. The overall conditions of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights. Unlike Africa's equatorial countries, where the year is split into rainy and dry seasons, South Africa does have four seasons—summer, fall, winter, and spring—only they are flipped from the seasons in the Northern Hemisphere. In December, the highest water temperature is reached with a monthly average of 18.00°C | 64.40°F. There is 24 mm | 0.9 inch of precipitation in January. March is typically the last warm month in South Africa, with a daytime temperature ranging from 77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (25 to 28 degrees Celsius). What to Pack: This time of year in South Africa is typically usually mild, but you should still pack long-sleeved shirts, sweaters, a jacket, and a good raincoat, especially if you're visiting wetter coastal cities. DAILY Recorded Rainfall Figures for South Africa The Public Recorded Rainfall (Reenval) Data below is supplied by the South African Weather Service (SAWS) - (UPDATED DAILY) Any queries regarding the accuracy of this information must be directed to SAWS at www.weathersa.co.za IF LATEST DATA IS NOT DISPLAYED THEN SAWS HAS NOT UPDATED THE INFORMATION OR THE SAWS WEB SITE MAY BE … Jamestown March is typically the last warm month in South Africa, with a daytime temperature ranging from 77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (25 to 28 degrees Celsius). The west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with a cold current. The aim of this study is to update the analysis of historical rainfall trends with reference to the work from previous studies, through optimizing the highest spatial resolution with the longest possible period of analysis, i.e., 1921–2015. However, be aware that nighttime temperatures can drop dramatically, so you'll need to pack extra layers. Noordhoek Southern Africa has a climate somewhat similar to that of West Africa and southern Sudan. Stellenbosch Winters are dry and warm during the day, although nights are often freezing at higher elevations and snow is common. South Africa has a lovely, temperate climate with plenty of sunny, dry days. Summers in the Karoo are hot, and the region's limited annual rainfall occurs at this time. Temperatures drop by about 6°C for every 1,000m you climb (or 3.5°F per 1,000ft). Summer lasts from December to February, and fall stretches about March through May before winter takes over from June to August, while spring brings blooms in many places during September and October. Eersterivier If you're hoping to see whales, this is the best time to do so. Don't forget insect repellant, preferably with DEET. Although generalizing South Africa's weather is difficult, there are a few absolutes that apply throughout the country. Whereas in July the lowest average water temperatures are expected with about 14.30°C | 57.74°F. The precipitation varies 119 mm | 5 inch between the driest month and the wettest month. The best time to visit is between May and September when the days are warm and sunny. On the other hand, Rouault and Richard (2005) documented an increase in the spatial extent of drought over southern Africa since the 1970s, attributing this to a strengthening of the ENSO-southern African rainfall relationship. As a result, Namibia's parks are hotter, especially those located in the desert. Annual Weather Averages in Tzaneen Tzaneen is 82 miles from Kruger National Park, so the actual climate in Kruger National Park can vary a bit. Milnerton Winters in Cape Town can be downright cold, and the majority of the city's rain falls at this time. In May, there are showers and heavy clouds. The average highest water temperatures are around 18.00°C | 64.40°F and are measured around December 30. However, here too, rainfall is more likely from November … Fall in South Africa . In a year, the rainfall is 853 mm | 33.6 inch. Kimberley, the capital of the Northern Cape Province, located at 1,200 meters (3,900 feet) above sea level, is characterized by hot summers, and by lower rainfall than in Johannesburg, around 435 mm (17 in) per year. Thanks to the existence of the cold Benguela current, the waters around Cape Town are always chilly. Temperatures increase by about 6°C for every 1,000m you descend (or 3.5°F per 1,000ft). Don't forget sunscreen—the sun in South Africa is harsh year-round. Precipitation in South Africa decreased to 19.52 mm in December from 35.84 mm in November of 2015. source: Worldbank. January, like December, is a hot summer month in Bloemfontein, South Africa, with average temperature varying between 15.3°C (59.5°F) and 30.8°C (87.4°F).With an average high-temperature of 30.8°C (87.4°F) and an average low-temperature of 15.3°C (59.5°F), January is the warmest month. In April, temperatures drop slightly more, and fog usually occurs. Strand Hout Bay However, with a total landmass of over 470,900 square miles, South Africa's weather is not so easily summarized. Rainfall here ranges from 600 mm to 2000 mm annually. In a year, the rainfall is 548 mm | 21.6 inch. With an average annual rainfall of only 464mm (18.2 in), the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter. 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