This method could be used to develop agronomic strategies to cope with the anticipated increase in drought in the semi-arid tropics under climate change. Ecological security analysis is significant to ameliorate the region sustainable quantitative assessment. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Contamination Levels in Poultry Feeds in North Shewa... RETRACTED ARTICLE: Analysis of ecological security in liaoning coastal economic zone, A Two-Level Spreading-despreading CDMA System and Its Performance Evaluation. The change trend of ETI is increased firstly and then decreased. Our findings explicitly reveal the global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity, and provide insight into the mechanistic differences between SIF and vegetation indices in characterizing ecosystem productivity. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. Belg (Autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season. Ethiopian Seasons. [2] Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. 1, K. GOITOM 1 and H. MESERET 2. Corral, J., Cousin, R. and Thomson, M.C. Ethiopia. Traditional climate zone Interpretation for the traditional climate zones; 1000–1500: 24–27: Kolla: Hot: 1500–2000: 21.5–24: Weina Kolla: Warm: 2000–2500: 15–21.5: Weina dega: Tepid: 2500–3000: 11.5–15: Dega: Cool >3000 <11.5: Wurch: Very cool Some of the most interesting Ethiopian tribes live in the southern part of the country. H. HAFTOM *1, A. HAFTU. The aridity index of the region varies from 0.098 to 0.652, which divides the entire Tigray into fifteen agro climatic zones, with dominant areas of hot semi-arid, warm semi-arid, tepid semiarid, and hot arid climates, ... Based on the AI (UNEP, 1997), the global land was classified as five subtypes: hyper-arid (< 0.03), arid (0.03 -0.2), semi-arid (0.2 -0.5), dry sub-humid (0.5 -0.65), and humid (> 0.65). 2008;Trabucco et al. Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_zones_of_Ethiopia&oldid=992063046, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Semien Bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / North bete-Amhara Zone, Debub bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / South Bete-Amhara zone, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 08:09. A radical reanalysis of mammal distributions by Charles H. Smith, however, has concluded that the Mediterranean region, including both its southern and… Subject Agricultural ecology > Ethiopia > Maps. The average annual temperature in Addis Abeba is … Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia Explanatory notes on three maps at a scale of 1:1,000,000 Key Words: Agroecology, agroclimatology, belts, major zones, traditional altitudinal belts, GIS, digital elevation modelling, field mapping The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. (1996). Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in December from 41.93 mm in November of 2015. The Research Center for the European Community and the ASCE Committee on Irrigation Requirements have evaluated various equations for estimating ETo. Dinku, T., Block, P., Sharoff, J., Hailemariam, K., Osgood, D., del In this study, rainfall data of the past 50 years was used to study the basic statistical characteristics of the rainfall of this region. The agroforestry suitability and tree cover mapping results/analysis will assist crucially the agroforestry policymakers/planners in the various South Asian countries to implement and extend it to the new area. It has been found that both annual and monthly rainfall at different stations was described by different probability distributions. LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture. We also examined how the results derived from SIF differed from those based on a satellite-derived measure of vegetation greenness and productivity - the enhanced vegetation index (EVI) derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). 2008) and agroclimatic zonation, The changing face of agroecosystem characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for robust agroecosystem characterization. Ethiopia‟s National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH) builds on ongoing efforts to address climate change in the country‟s development policy framework, including the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy and the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), as well as sectoral climate resilience strategies and regional and Climate change and livestock production in Ethiopia 2.1 Climatic feature Ethiopia is located between 30 N - 150 N and 330 E - 480 E. Ethiopia’s climate is typically tropical in the south‐eastern and north‐eastern lowland regions, but much cooler in the large central highland regions … For example in Ethiopian Highlands average daytime temperature is in range between 25 and 30 °C (77-86 °F) year-round and there is significant amount of precipitation. Negash, M. and Ermias, B. World Evaporation (ET) measured by lysimeters of various grasses and/or alfalfas has been used as the standard for developing estimating equations. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. Due to its simplicity and the accuracy of estimates, the 1985 Hargreaves et al. SIF was more sensitive to climate variability than was EVI. This location is classified as Cwb by Köppen and Geiger. Subjects. Rural livelihood systems – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate. of the 3 rd International Conference on Integrating GIS The method requires limited input data and is simple in its use. Annual and monthly rainfall was fitted to the theoretical probability distributions and the best distributions describing the data at respective stations were determined. In order to plan effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is necessary to understand the spatial and temporal vari-ability of rainfall. The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. Zones are a second-level subdivision of Ethiopia, below regions and above woredas, or districts. Towards a comprehensive agro-ecological zonation of Ethiopia. SIF was positively correlated with solar radiation in the humid regions, while no significant correlations were found between EVI and solar radiation. Towards a comprehensive On the other hand, 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones are recognized by many institutions at present where many kinds of crops are also grown in … The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. The key datasets were derived from satellite remote sensing at a global and regional scale for land, soil, climate, and topography and were used to model the agroforestry suitability across South Asia. Accordingly, quick maturing and drought-resistant varieties of teff and barley can be grown in the centre and in the east, while medium-maturing cultivars should do well in the south-west. LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Agroclimatic z onation of Tigray region of Ethiopia based on aridity index and. Because Ethiopia is located in the tropical latitudes, its areas of lower elevation experience climatic conditions typical of tropical savanna or desert. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country; you can therefore expect several climate zones ranging from tropical savanna in the west to warm desert climate in the east. Overall, the results of the present paper testify the good performances of bench terraces in Northern Ethiopia in terms of soil water conservation, and can represent a benchmark study informing future terracing implementation in some arid and semi-arid agricultural areas of the world. Heavier rainfall events are infrequent but they make up a significant percentage of the total rainfall. The objectives were (i) to ascertain the suitability of the climate for growing teff (Eragrostis tef) and barley (Hordeum vulgare); (ii) to determine the onset and length of the growing period (LGP), (iii) to evaluate the traditional method of climate classification, and (iv) to produce comprehensive agro-climatic zones of the Giba catchment. 69 pp. In Proceedings The Ethiopian traditional method of climate classification based on temperature and altitude was found to be less relevant to crop suitability zoning in semi-arid regions of Northern Ethiopia because within this semi-arid drought-prone environment the rainfall is more important for crop growth than temperature. Genre Maps. Climate. and Environmental Modelling. Publication date 2001 Map Data Scale 1:2,000,000. Soil moisture regimes 3. Estimated values vary widely due to the lack of standardization of the reference. Ethiopia has a diverse range of agricultural production systems. During the process of zonation, the temperature map of Uttarakhand was divided into four thermal regimes 1) <0°C, 2) 0°C - 10°C, 3) 10°C - 20°C and 4) >20°C, thereafter, boundaries of the precipitation distribution (in three regimes 1) < 800 mm, 2) 800-1400 mm, and 3) > 1400 mm) in the state have been overlaid on temperature regimes, which divided entire state of Uttarakhand into twelve Agro-climatic zones. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The analysis revealed that nearly 73.4% of the landscape is absent (0%) of tree cover, 7.1%, shows 1-10% and 19.5% area having more than 10% tree cover. Assessing how climate factors regulate the interannual variability (IAV) of ecosystem productivity globally is crucial for understanding the ecosystem-climate interactions and carbon-climate feedbacks under a changing climate. The third climate zone is the hot and arid “Kola” zone. in Africa. Several plant species in Ethiopia have several uses including the making of honey and oil and for flavoring food. Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. 4. Furthermore, the agroforestry suitability categories and tree cover dominance were investigated with respect to the total geographical area, agriculture land cover and with climate variables to understand the present and future trends. traditional agro-clim atic zones. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications in Africa. However, our understanding of global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity has been limited by the lack of direct measurements of ecosystem productivity at the global scale. Bibliographic information. United Nations Environment Programee (UNEP) (1992). The comparison between SIF and EVI also highlighted the biome-specific (depending on the tree cover) responses of ecosystem productivity to solar radiation under water stress. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). Note Includes agroecological zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network. The different climatic and geological zones of Ethiopia provide different types of plant. Th this end, an attempt has been made in this study to delineate different agroclimatic zones of Ethiopia. All rights reserved. Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department. Kiremt or Meher (Summer) - June, July and August are the summer season. Moreover, spatial patterns of Soil Water Content (SWC) within the same terraced hillslope are weakly studied. Bega (Winter) - December, January and … The changing face of agroecosystem The Ethiopian traditional system uses altitude and mean daily temperature to divide the country into 5 climate zones (Gemechu, 1977). The zones are listed below, by region. It is also the largest producer of cereals and coffee. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in N. Middle fen and D.S.G. Both productivity measures showed the dominant role of soil moisture in driving the IAV of global ecosystem productivity, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The hot, arid zone: covers the desert lowlands below 500 meters, where typical annual rainfall is less than 395 millimeters and typical annual temperatures vary between 26 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius or higher. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications Different versions of the Penman combination equation have been proposed. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. equation is recommended for general use. AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for Although it is one of the most drought-hit countries in the world, almost no study has ever been conducted in characterising the rainfall pattern of the arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia. 1. spreading-despreading system. The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. Corbett, J.D. This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Precipitation. The climatic data of 32 stations of Uttarkahand and adjoining region were collected and the thematic layers of climatic parameters, annual average temperature and precipitation were generated using the spatial analyst Extension of ARC-View. Spatial Variability of Soil Moisture in Newly Implemented Agricultural Bench Terraces in the Ethiopian Plateau, Global climatic controls on interannual variability of ecosystem productivity: Similarities and differences inferred from solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and enhanced vegetation index, Quantification of the Land Potential for Scaling Agroforestry in South Asia, Agro-climatic zonation of Uttarakhand using remote sensing and GIS, The characterisation of rainfall in the arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia, A new agro-climatic classification for crop suitability zoning in northern semi-arid Ethiopia, Defining and Using Reference Evapotranspiration. The hot, arid zone covers the desert lowlands below 500 m, where average annual rainfall is less … Ethiopia faces numerous development challenges that exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change, including high levels of food insecurity and ongoing conflicts over natural resources. ETo is used in irrigation planning, design, and scheduling and for other water adequacy studies. Since high soil disturbance induces low soil aggregates stability, this result shows how low soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces. Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). (1995). The LGP ranges from 60 to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to south-west. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. Such land can be utilized to enhance the tree cover that suits locally as per the farmer's need based on a community-driven participatory approach to bring the sustainability and resilience in degraded landscapes (FAO in Agroforestry for landscape restoration, 2017). The standard for developing estimating equations 1, K. GOITOM 1 and H. 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Section, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: traditional climatic zones of ethiopia, Weyna Dega and Kolla altitude and daily... These – Dega – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones of standardization the...