Flowerheads are solitary on the end of a long leafless stem, and are composed of ray florets only. The two can be distinguished by the shape of the leaves, features in the green bracts (phyllaries) surrounding the head of flowers, and the color of the seeds. Commonly known as dandelion, Taraxacum officinale has many culinary and medicinal uses, despite being generally regarded as a weed. longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Use flowers in wine, jam, and salads. Synonyms: Taraxacum officinale var. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive, under the name of Taraxcacon. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.45 metres tall. f. & Marklund : Taraxacum vagans G.E. It is commonly eaten by moose, bears, sharptailed grouse, pocket - gophers, The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers. Wigg. Oblanceolate shape form a basal rosette. The technical name of a plant consists of two parts, a genus (pl. Hollow stems are reproductive (scapes) exude a milky sap they are leafless and unbranched, They provide nectar and pollen to honeybees and other beneficial insects, particularly important in early spring when they are one of the only plants in bloom. Drug names that are ambiguous or not compatible with the RxNorm system, such as multivitamins with more than 4,000 characters in their names, are also out of scope. Their seed head is a beautiful puffball and delights young and old when they blow on it to disperse the seed. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. View abstract. See {Tooth}, n., and {Lion}.] Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum officinale, more commonly known as Dandelion, is a hairless or sparsely hairy plant, which can grow up to 60cm in height. Get Label RSS Feed for this Drug TARAXACUM OFFICINALE- common dandelion granule ABBREVIATION : TAROFF SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : TAOF COMMON NAMES : common dandelion dandelion TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale Weber . genera) name and a specific epithet that together comprise the species name. It is also one of the most appreciated wild edible plants. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is commonly a weed of habitation and agricultural areas, but also invades natural vegetation in the temperate regions of Australia. Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked; the youngest, greenest leaves at the center are best for raw eating. Taraxacum officinale, Common Dandelion. Subordinate Taxa. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Roots are roasted and used as a coffee alternative. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information It has also been used medicinally. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial herbaceous plant, known by the common names Dandelion, Blowball, Lion’s-tooth, Cankerwort. Dandelions have many positive features, such as: VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Travis Birdsell, County Extension Director and Extension Agent for Ashe County Extension. Wigg.) The Dandelion, so common throughout the British Isles, is named Taraxacum officinales, a species name that is suggestive of its rootsâ use in herbal medicine and the edibility of the leaves. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Family: ASTERACEAE: Species: Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H.Wigg. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Preston, C. D., Pearman, D. A. Antipodean Is., species aggregate Taraxacum palustre agg. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Fluffy downy round seeds heads are dispersed by wind. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Species. Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion Dan de*li on, n. [F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. Mérat : Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. The seedhead is shown below it. Kirschner, J. Leaves and flowers are used in salads and stir-fries as well as jams, wines, and teas. Life Cycle. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. The root was dried and roasted and used as a coffee alternative during the second world war. The root is a coffee substitute. A well known plant of the genus {Taraxacum} ( {Taraxacum officinale}, formerly called {Taraxacum Dens leonis} and… …. : Common Name: COMMON DANDELION: Plant Notes: Kirschner & Stepánek (2011) selected an uncited lectotype annotated by Linnaeus that is more congruent with the basionym protologue and current usage of T. officinale (T. sect. Bright yellow ray flowers with toothed tips appear throughout the year on second-year plants. Haglund : Leontodon taraxacoides (Vill.) Common dandelion is very similar to red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum), which has also been introduced to North America. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Liogier, A.H. (1996). Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Taraxacum officinale. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. Please use the State … Young flowers taste like honey but they become bitter when they mature. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Treatment on page 244. Wigg. vulgare (Lam.) This is actually an aggregate species of many hundreds of slightly differing species. Identification Notes. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed. palustre Blytt Taraxacum sylvanicum. Useful Plants of Boyacá Project Stems 1–10+, erect or ascending, sometimes ± purplish (usually equaling or surpassing leaves), glabrous or sparsely villous, slightly more so distally. A possible alternative derivation of Taraxacum is suggested in T he Treasury of Botany : 'The generic name is possibly derived from the Greek taraxo ("I have excited" or "caused") and achos (pain), in allusion to the medicinal effects of the plant.' Ecological Impact. Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. (Bot.) They are singular heads on their stems and the flowers close in the evening. Deeply toothed, with backward-pointing teeth or lobes. Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. For instance, the correct name of the common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale where Taraxacum is the genus and officinale, the species. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. Native Taraxacum species are found primarily in undisturbed, herbaceous, alpine meadows. Literature. Taraxacum officinale . Taraxacum officinale F.H. – dandelion. Leaves form a basal rosette with very uneven teeth, very rarely entire. common dandelion Taraxacum officinale Weed Profile - Weed Identification. Common Name: dandelion, lion's tooth. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. vulgare (Lam.) – common dandelion. Taraxacum officinale is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant, up to 15.7 inches (40 cm) tall. L. dens tooth + leo lion. Mentioned on page 7, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 245, 246. There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Plants (1–)5–40 (–60) cm; taproots seldom branched. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Young leaves are best for raw eating and older leaves are better cooked. Not generally used in the home landscape. T. officinale is not a valid name for this species, but no valid name has as yet been ascribed to it. Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Not generally used in the home landscape. Dandelions are pesky weeds for gardeners, and a joy for children. This site is maintained by the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family, introduced perennial, reproducing by seed, reproductive (scapes), hollow, whitish, unbranched, leafless, oblanceolate, deeply toothed, backward pointing teeth or lobes, basal rosette, mid-vein hollow, heads of bright yellow ray (ligulate) florets, ray flower toothed tips; solitary; closing at night, form "puffball" when mature, to common UMass Amherst services and features, UMass Extension Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. Taraxacum undulatum Lindb. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. and the generic name Taraxacum: A review and a new typification proposal (2011). Impact on community composition, structure, and interactions: Common dandelion competes with native plants for moisture and nutrients. N.C. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Their leaves, roots, and flowers are all edible. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Taraxacum F.H. Taraxacum officinale Wiggers: Common Name: Common Dandelion: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TAOF: Plant Notes: Common Dandelion is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies … NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. 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