Plants need specific atmospheric conditions; proper nutrients according to plant type are required. Your email address will not be published. The causes of pollution are not just limited to fossil fuels and carbons emissions. Most of the radioactive waste generate from nuclear power plants. injurious to health. Use of fertilizers should be judicious. People are neglecting the earth and its atmosphere, and their reckless living is impacting their surroundings. In addition, they may get stuck under several layers, polluting the land and some waste creates harmful fumes. Even the soil, the richest form of earth is polluted, how? This is because they play in grounds and come in contact with the soil more. And thus declining the income to an average farmer whose livelihood is entirely dependent on the crops. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution.• Toxic chemicals enter the diet chain, and they reach the top consumer. alter the basic composition of the soils and make the soil toxic for plant growth. This method will help in abundance for the control of soil pollution. It can be defined as the addition of any harmful substance which is also known as pollutant or contaminants into the soil and polluting it. Year after years, steps are being taken to maintain the quality of the soil, and to reduce pollution. Plants are not able to cope up and are dying. Poor management or inefficient disposal of waste. Soil Pollution is in fact known as one of the major pollution types occurring on the earth currently. Pollution of every kind is harmful to nature. The waste coming from cities are disposed and dumped in dumping yards. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Proper waste management: Harmful wastes can be transported to locations that are empty and uninhabited and then these materials can decompos… Global economic losses caused by soil degradation are expected to exceed 10 % of the world's annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP). If the soil is contaminated, home-grown vegetables and fruits may become polluted too. Soil acts as a natural sink for contaminants. There are various soil pollution effects on plants as well. The effects of industries are numerous as they are of all types and each has different processes that occur in each of them. The remediation would certainly take time and already many measures are being taken by organic farmers and the government to improve soil quality and reduce soil pollution. Soil pollution effects may vary based on age, general health status and other factors, such as the type of pollutant or contaminant inhaled or ingested. Substances such as Radium, Thorium, Uranium, Nitrogen, etc. TOS 7. Man-made contaminants are the main causes of soil pollution and consist of a large variety of contaminants or chemicals, both organic and inorganic. explained as the addition of surplus heat to water and ejecting it back to the water bodies But, their excessive use is poisoning the soil. This article will discuss the causes and effects of the different kinds of pollution. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The earth is a vast ecosystem within it. Thus, it is necessary to reduce the use of chemical pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers etc. Although salt is present even naturally in soil. And the crops often produced on such soils are discarded due to the immense levels of toxicity. This is nothing new, given that we take the resources she provided for being granted. How far this is going to bother us and our coming generations? Land pollution occurs when solid or liquid waste materials deposits on land or underground that can contaminate the soil and groundwater“. These chemicals create a lot of waste which goes into the soil and after a certain point, the soil dies. Recycle the used materials. Their degradation products may be absorbed by the plants from where they reach the animals and man through the food chains. They can pollute the soil either alone or combined with several natural soil contaminants. This not only pollutes the soil of that land but also its surrounding land, disturbing ecosystem and making it difficult for plants, animals, and humans to live in that area. Due to all these things, the pollution on earth is increasing at a tremendous rate resulting in global warming. Nitrogen Dioxide: It is a reddish-brown irritating gas that causes photochemical smog. Speech on Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Measures!. Prevention and control of soil pollution are as vital as water and air pollution control. resulting in retarded and abnormal growth of man. There are various causes of soil pollution, some of them are – Accidental spills and leaks during storage, transport or use of chemicals, mining activities, agricultural activities, waste disposal methods etc. But it is costly for an average farmer to afford. The improper and continuous use of herbicides, pesticides and fungicides to protect the crops from pests, fungi etc. Soil pollution is defined as, “contamination of soil by human and natural activities which may cause harmful effect on living organisms”. Some of them are metals, inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, and decomposition of organisms. We can control daily waste coming out of our house. Contamination from industries pollutes air, water, soil and they combine light and noise pollution.Radiation is a by-product of the energy industry. As the days pass swift like an arrow, the increased technology and population result in the increased use of different materials and products. Human and animal excreta used as organic manure to promote crop yield, pol­lute the soil by contaminating the soil and vegetable crops with the pathogens that may be present in the excreta. In these residues, radiation elements such as strontium, cadmium, uranium, and ladders are found, which affect the vitality and fertility of the land. 3. Urban waste and industrial waste contain residues of harmful toxic inorganic and organic chemicals. Soil pollution is the reduction in the productivity of soil due to the presence of soil pollutants. are also some of the man-made causes of soil pollution. From the soil they reach the plants and then into the grazing animals (livestock) from where ultimately reach man through milk and meat etc. Use of pesticides should be minimized. Required fields are marked *. The presence of chemicals and harmful pollutants in soil, higher than the natural level, is also termed as soil pollution. Industrial pollution is also affecting soil quality when the chemicals from factories get their way into landfills. 4. And potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer. Find high quality essays on ‘Soil Pollution’ for children, school and college students. Special pits should be selected for dumping wastes. This leads to headache and anemia. ... -Control of noise pollution and the Supreme Court had already effective measures to ensure the proper pollution under control. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. The waste coming from cancer hospitals is also radioactive. To stop this or at least reduce it, one must understand what pollution is. And education against pollution and its effects must be started from a very young age with students. Organic insecticides like DDT, aldrin, benzene hex chloride etc. We will be discussing the soil pollution introduction, effects, control, and causes of soil pollution. Pesticides, fertilizers, organic manure, chemicals, radioactive wastes, discarded food, … Naturally, the soil regenerates its fertility and nutrients after a certain period of time. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects & Solutions Soil pollution (also called soil contamination) can be defined as the occurrence of toxic chemicals in the soil. To curb the pollution, the use of fertilizers and other artificial chemicals may be used. Heavy application of manures and digested sludge can cause serious damage to plants within a few years Control measures of soil pollution: 1. And when they are consumed, they can cause severe health issues. Apart from this, even the salt content in the soil increases thanks to the soil pollution. Addition of any unwanted substance which is harmful to health in our surrounding is pollution. Oil does not dissolve in water and hence oil usually floats on the surface of water. 2. As a result, the soil gets polluted, causing degradation of its quality. Soil pollutants have an adverse effect on the physical chemical and biological properties of the soil and reduce its productivity. As a whole, soil pollution has been a major cause of concern for many nations now. The soil pollution effects are also for humans due to the inhalation of gases emitted from soil moving upward. in the excess amount. “Land pollution is Contamination of anything that makes Soil or Land dirty and unhealthy which is also harmful to biotic and abiotic components. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. But due to these chemicals, the soil is losing its capacity to regenerate. Appropriate measures should be taken to ensure that the noise from the restrictions is not violated. Due to this, the micro-organisms of climate and other soil are being destroyed resulting in decreased quality of the soil. 2. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. Health effects include reduced ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to body cells and tissues. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. The most common pollutants are biological agents and the chemicals used by humans. This happens because most of the soil pollutants present in the soil are extracted by the plants along with water every time they feed. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! At high levels it causes coma, irreversible brain damage and death. And reuse the things which can be utilized in one way or another after use. Soil pollution also has an impact on the quality of water and air. (with statistics). It is important that we take this seriously even though the effects of it are slow. Privacy Policy 8. Soil pollution may cause a variety of health problems, starting with headaches, nausea, fatigue, skin rash, and eye irritation. The chemicals used to kill pests (pesticides), increase fertility of soil (fertilizers), control insects (insecticides), etc. In some countries, due to the soil pollution, the soil contains heavy amounts of lead. Various principle causes of pollution. There are mainly 2 causes of pollution. Disclaimer 9. Soil Pollution results in degradation of crops grown. As we all know plants and trees are the reason why we all are alive. Also, it has been noted that the plants which are grown in this region are highly poisonous. Control measures of Water Pollution: Setting up of effluent treatment plants to treat wastewater can reduce the pollution load in the recipient water. This is because these additions in higher concentration are harmful to the ecosystem. Radioactive wastes from mining and nuclear processes may reach the soil via water or as ‘fall-out’. These essays will also guide you to learn about the types, causes, severe effects, initiatives and preventive measures for soil pollution. This is one of the major causes of soil pollution. have cre­ated the problems of soil pollution. As a result of this, sulphur compunds and its dioxides are released into the air which in turn causes acid rain. Cropping techniques should be improved to prevent growth of weeds. January 2016 CITATIONS 0 READS 53,346 3 authors: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Strict penalties must be imposed on law violators. Definition “Pollution is the effect of undesirable changes in our surroundings that have harmful effects on plants, animals and human beings”. And contribute your efforts in the control of soil pollution. Different human activities like use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, disposal of urban waste, industrial waste, use of toxic substances, radioactive emissions etc. These pollutants are consumed by plants, making them nutritionless. Soil pollution is the reduction in the productivity of soil due to the presence of soil pollutants. Kids are more prone to get affected due to this than the adults. Below, the man-made causes are explained in detail. The garbage from the factories should be sent to the purifying plants first and they should be immersed only after proper treatment. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. Soil is an important part to maintain the natural environment of the ecosystem. This high concentration makes it difficult for the plants to correctly absorb the nutrients present in the soil. Causes. Pollution refers to the level of contaminants that exceeds the natural concentration of these substances. Ex: 1. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Therefore, intensification of agricultural production by practices of irrigation (causes salination), excessive fertilisers, pesticides, insecticides etc. Thus, oil pollution due to any cause greatly affects the quality of natural water bodies and is classified under pollution. People try to prove themselves cool and in that process, they neglect the nature. Or through the inhalation of matter that is distributed and transported by the wind because of the various human activities on the ground. Nitrification, which is the process of forming soluble nitrates from the elemen­tal atmospheric nitrogen or from originally harmless organic materials actually contribute towards water pollution when the nitrates leach out of the soil and accumulate to toxic levels in the water supply. The acid rain is also one of the major soil pollution effects. Soil pollution: Causes, eff ects and control (On world soil day, December 5, 2015) Dr. Rajesh Kumar Mishra, Dr. Naseer Mohammad and . These chemicals not only pollute soil but also pollute water as they get mixed with the ground water. But do remember, that the long-term effects of pollution are disastrous. Copyright 10. This leads to the death of plants growing in the soil due to the increased pH levels. The economic losses of farmers in china thus amount to close to 2.5 billion dollars. They accumulate in the soil as they degrade very slowly by soil and water bacteria. Some of the ways to control soil pollution are: optin-monster-shortcode id=”xf2mlnjiouddzrshykdb”] 1. And animals and humans catch different diseases. Moreover, the presence of excess chemicals will increase the alkalinity or acidity of soil thus degrading the soil quality. ... Control measures: ... and pollution due to urbanization and other anthropogenic substances causes soil pollution. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control of soil pollution can be taken care of and can be reduced. Pollution is of various types depending on their medium, such as water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution etc. The challenges faced in soil remediation (decontamination of soil) … SoakMind.com uses Cookies to enhance your experience on this website. Sources. And this neglect is one of the major causes of soil pollution. SOLUTIONS TO REDUCE SOIL POLLUTION. Environment Pollution is the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. Apart from the measures discussed above, it is also essential for the public to have awareness of the harm they are knowingly or unknowingly causing. 5. It is very toxic and can harm anything which comes near it or in contact. (e.g. Soil pollution can be checked by restricting the use of above mentioned soil pollutants, resorting to organic farming, adopting better agriculture practices etc. The main reason why the soil becomes contaminated is due to the presence of man made waste. Prohibited Content 3. are radioactive and can infiltrate the soil and create toxic effects. Your email address will not be published. Essay on Soil Pollution! The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. The complex soil involves the presence of other chemicals and natural conditions which may interact with the released pollutants. Reduce the use of plastics and other harmful matters. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: 1. Chemicals like iron lead mer­cury, copper, zinc, cadmium, aluminum, cyanides, acids and alkalies etc. The pollution of soil changes the complete ecosystem be it microorganisms, plants, animals or humans. are polluting soil to a great extent. It also plays a key role in the distribution of the plants. This in turn can affect the sales of crops. Oil pollution in particular is a kind of water pollution, and a dangerous one at that. Soil is the home of a huge number of organisms. Soil pollution is the reduction in the productivity of soil due to the presence of soil pollutants. The treated effluent can be reused either for gardening or cooling purposes or wherever possible. We need to be prepared when the coming generations point their fingers to us for contaminating the earth so badly. A Few Things to Look For While Choosing Skincare Products for Daily Routine, Birthday Occassions can be Made More Special with the Use of Custom Yard Signs, What Steps Entrepreneurs Should Follow to Enter a New Market Strongly, What are Gooroo Courses and How are they Making Education Accessible for All, This Is How You Can Get Your Address Changed To Keep Receiving Your Mails. Every soil type contains different elements and components, and some natural contaminants as well. This will in turn cause soil erosion. Most of these wastes are non-degradable and they lay on the surface of the soil. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. This is possible due to an imbalance between atmospheric decomposition and the complex soil environment. But the accumulation of nitrates and phosphates in the soil leads to it increasing the levels of salt present in the soil. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. Content Filtrations 6. Prevention and control measures of soil pollution - definition The following measures should be taken to prevention of soil pollution-1. Environmental Pollution- Causes, Effects and Control Measures Prepared by M.SHANMUGARAJ M.E., V.S.V.N Polytechnic College, Virudhunagar Tamil Nadu India 2. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. And the soil pollution effects are adverse on plants and trees – they are developing different diseases. Some more effects of soil pollution: 22. According to the report by the Agriculture ministry of China, more than 12 million tons of grains that are polluted are disposed off every year. Thermal Pollution – Causes, Effects and Control Measures As of now, we all have understood that environmental pollution like air, water, land, etc. Report a Violation, Speech on Water Pollution: Sources, Effects and Control of Water Pollution, Speech on Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Measures, How Radioactive Pollution Effects Human Health? through acid rain). but here we will discuss soil pollution only. Soil pollutants have an adverse effect on the physical chemical and biological properties of the soil and reduce its productivity. Soil Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control Measures! The primary cause of soil pollution is a lack of awareness in general people. So, the waste coming from hospitals contains the maximum amount of bioactive pollutants. Consequently, they have a very deleterious effect on the plant growth stunting their growth and reducing the yield and size of fruit. Bioactive chemicals are also called Creeping Deaths. ... Long term effects of soil pollution . The root cause of soil pollution is often one of the following: Agriculture (excessive/improper use of pesticides) Excessive industrial activity. When these contaminants exceed the natural level, it starts polluting. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: We can control daily waste coming out of our house. is a significant threat to … Methods to control Soil Pollution• Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use.• Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. And when it is disposed, it kills all the nutrients of the soil and soil becomes permanently dead and poisonous. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. Content Guidelines 2. Lets have a look at various causes, effects and solutions of soil pollution. Pesticides, fertilizers, organic manure, chemicals, radioactive wastes, discarded food, clothes, leather goods, plastics, paper, bottles, tins-cans and carcasses- all contribute towards causing soil pollution. The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … Soil or land pollution can be defined as the “changes in physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil through man’s intervention/misuse of land and hence resulting in degradation in quantity and productivity of the soil. Image Guidelines 5. These chemicals are widely used in every field of medical. Soil erosion can be controlled by a variety of forestry and farm practices. They provide us with oxygen to breathe. Pollution and Pollutants: Causes, Effects and Control Measures Today, environmental pollution is a major problem which affects humans and other life forms. Thus, due to many different human activities such as overuse of pesticides the soil will lose its fertility. And this also reduces the quality of the groundwater present below the soil. are present in industrial wastes and reach the soil either directly with water or indirectly through air. Farmers and gardeners use them to increase the crop production. Ex: Planting trees on barren slopes Soil pollution also destroys local vegetation. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. The pollution of soil is a common thing these days, and it happens due to the presence of man made elements. The low-quality soil becomes a huge barrier in the agricultural field that affects the productivity of crops. Plants don’t grow easily, they die. Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control is the fourth edition of a best-selling introductory level book dealing with chemical and radioactive pollution in its broadest sense. Let us look in to what is soil pollution, its causes, types, prevention and effects. That is, the pollution in the soil allows for the emission of nitrogen into the atmosphere and the decomposition of organic matter present in the soil. Soil degradation is a complex problem that requires governments, institutions, communities and individuals to take joint measures. And some mix in soil through atmosphere and wind activity. What on earth is not polluted? One of the most dangerous causes of soil pollution is the use of bioactive chemicals. In the long run, the cycle of acid creation continues which results in further reduction of soil fertility and creates soil erosion. ADVERTISEMENTS: are used against soil borne pests. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Soil pollution can be controlled if proper care is taken and the harmful acts are reduced. which constitute a major source of land pollution by biological agents. 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