a WFP mission to the provinces of Anhui, Hubei, Jangxi and Hunan at the end of August/beginning of September; a UNICEF mission to Hunan province in the first week of September. China, July 1998 - Seasonal summer rains have devastated vast areas of China this year, killing more than 2,000 people, destroying 2.9 million houses and ruining more than 9 million hectares of crops. It should be noted that, prior to the UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission, two in-country assessment missions had been carried out as follows: 10. Unnatural death during the floods was caused by drowning, injuries, and electrification. c. restoration of essential services China has more than 98,000 reservoirs in total, and the ministry has been … Early warning systems were still in place in locations visited by the mission. The continuation of FAO's current programme of seeds and fertilizers for farmers is appropriate and timely. This mission report has been produced by the UNDAC team with substantial input from representatives of the UN agencies participating in the field missions. A large proportion of the affected rural population has lost everything; houses, winter clothes, animals, crops and even the irrigation systems on which they depend in normal years. Outbreaks of measles or serious water-and food-borne diseases such as dysentery, hepatitis, typhoid and cholera have not yet been reported. Medical teams have been sent from within and outside provinces to assist and these teams will remain functional until the normal medical services are restored. (If required, telecommunications, for the effective delivery of international assistance); 4. assists in the joint assessment of the emergency situation and international relief requirements stemming from it, with a particular view to the consistency of assessment information and relief programmes across the sectors involved and the identification of priority areas in need of in-depth problem evaluation; 5. reports to the Coordinator and informs him/her of developments in the emergency situation and other information which might be included in field and OCHA situation reports distributed to disaster relief organizations and the international community; 6. assists in the preparation of a report on the assessed needs for immediate international assistance under the leadership of the Coordinator; in this connection, the Team will focus primarily on relief needs, but also indicate requirements in the transition from relief phase to rehabilitation phase, to the extent possible; 7. assists in the preparation of the United Nations inter-agency appeal issued by the UNDMT maintains links with and reports on the progress of its mission to OCHA headquarters throughout the duration of its mission. km, capital Nanchang. 46. The number of beds occupied in hospitals in Anxiang county, Hunan Province, increased from 800 before the floods to 13,000 immediately after the floods (currently 3,000). 5. 104. 09:30 - Joint briefing at UNDP (UNDMT and UNDP) Heavy rains are putting the Yangtze River at risk of repeating the devastating floods of 1998 which left more than 4,000 people dead and 14 million homeless. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission, B. In the summer of 1998, China suffered the worst floods in over 44 years. In the camps, the mission members had free and extensive access to interview individual victims at random and to review the situation and the most urgent needs. Disaster features: sudden breaking of dykes in this area where most of the land was reclaimed from the Dongting lake (in essence, most of the communities are "islands" surrounded by dykes), 108 out of a total of 122 counties affected of which Anxiang county most affected (310,000 people on dykes in this county alone). Stay in Harbin for the night, Working session with UN Disaster management Team (UNDMT), Mission debriefing for the Government, UNDMT and donors, Launching of appeal in Beijing and Geneva/New York and completion of draft mission report, Debriefing with donors at OCHA Geneva, and distribution of final mission report, All field visits included full debriefing meetings with provincial and/or local authorities.7. Southern China is agriculturally one of the richest areas of China and responsible for the vast majority of the country's rice production: the staple food of most Chinese. FIELD REPORT FROM THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN IN THE SOUTH (HUBEI, JIANGXI AND HUNAN) SEPTEMBER 8 - 16, 1998. In the areas visited no cases of cholera, typhoid, measles, meningitis, tetanus, plague, and schistosomiasis have been diagnosed. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission recommends that appropriate institutions of the United Nations system should undertake a comprehensive assessment of rehabilitation and reconstruction needs when the water recedes. In June and July the provinces in the Yangtze river basin were hit by storms and torrential rains. Emergency supplies (winter clothing, fuel and quilts) have not yet been delivered to all those in need. 31. Indeed, after a strong El Niño in 1998, similar floods struck the Yangtze River Basin, causing $44 billion in damage and 3,656 deaths. It is recorded that up to ten million people had initially been evacuated from flooded areas. Population: 41 million, 167,000 sq. The mission focused on immediate relief needs of the most vulnerable populations at risk. Stay at Boyang county for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit by boat to Boyang County Many of the flood victims have lost everything and some form of financial assistance, loans for the purchase of food and seeds, will be necessary. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission identified the following priority needs for immediate international assistance, as described in this report; 18. The purpose is to give international donors a possibility to direct their funds to the counties with the most profound needs. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Yangxin and field visit to Yangxin (100km) Fund-raising campaigns were organized, and relief supplies resulting from them were distributed to the flood victims. The farmlands surrounding the Yangtze river and associated tributaries and lakes are protected by thousands of kilometres of dykes. RW COVID-19 page: Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses. The 1998 China floods (1998年中国洪水) lasted from middle of June to the beginning of September 1998 in China at the Yangtze River as well as the Nen River, Songhua River and the Pearl River. The reporting frequency has increased from monthly to weekly for most diseases associated to the relief phase of floods. This final phase of the emergency operation must be completed before winter. Published. Detailed statistical information has been available for all aspects of the emergency operation in both provinces until the 22 August. Stay at Daqing for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Xinzhan, Haode, Yishun of Zhaoyuan County Plans were also underway to replace livestock and poultry through the provision of 80 million chickens and ducks, one million pigs and enough vegetable seeds for 200,000 hectares. 7 - 25 September 1998, 06:10 - Mission arrives in Beijing, check in at the Great Wall Sheraton Hotel Clinical records in the health clinics of the relocation camps visited showed the following distribution of diagnosis for the medical visits made by the displaced people during the previous week: diarrhoeal diseases 36%, acute respiratory infections (IRAs) 32%, skin infections 16%, conjunctivitis 11%, dehydration 3% and others 2%. The need for oral re-hydration salts (ORS) will be significant. Stay at Nanchang for the night, 08:00-11:00 - Briefing by Jiangxi provincial authority Figs. Due to the differences in disaster context, disaster phase, as well as the complexity of the two assessments, the mission report contains two separate field reports. 33. The mission noted a lack of vehicles for the transport of temperature-sensitive medicines and vaccines (cold chain) and the medical teams. Stay at Yangxin County for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Yangxin County by boat Liu Xuerong, WFP, China 68. There is a clear need to improve the living conditions of the flood victims, especially the most vulnerable homeless victims living on the unprotected dykes with insufficient shelter. Because of the scale of the flood disaster there was a need to identify the most vulnerable segments of the affected population and at the same time to distinguish between the overall need for development and the needs resulting from the flood. In addition to rice, the lowland area along the Yangtze River, its tributaries and lakes also produces significant quantities of fish, cotton, wheat, oilseeds, potatoes and vegetables. Is China staring at a … The team did not visit this place (Jingjiang) for logistics reasons. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. Towards the end of July torrential rains lashed central China causing the first serious flood. The government has stressed that the villages must be rebuilt on the higher ground. The Red Cross and the following NGOs were active in the areas visited: Médecins sans Frontières (MsF Netherlands) and Star of Hope (Sweden). List of alerts, ongoing and past disasters covered by ReliefWeb. The rising waters drove 500,000 people from their homes by the beginning of August. Donations reported to OCHA by Government donors and through the Red Cross amounted to US $ 15 million as of September 29, 1998, for China as a whole. It is the rural population, dependent on agriculture, who have been seriously affected. In the disaster situation a lack of sufficient vehicles was observed which are essential for securing transport of medicines, vaccines and medical personnel. The provinces have been asked by the UN assessment team to identify these counties and to produce a prioritized list of emergency requirements for each county. 87. This paper aims to retrospectively examine these policy adjustments and discuss how China should adapt to newly emerging flood challenges.We show that China suffers annually from floods despite large … Nutrition is currently not a major health problem. Their massive mobilization reduced sufferings and the loss of human lives. There is an urgent need for improved shelter and also help to repair the houses when the water starts to recede. 1. II. Some of them are staying with relatives or other families, some in public buildings. 79. Although the number of flood victims is very large, many of them are concentrated in a few very severely affected counties. 11:30 - Meeting with Ms. Leitner, Resident Representative, UNDP Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. The Chinese Red Cross, The All China Women's Federation and smaller NGO's can play a role in the distribution of basic relief supplies during this final phase of the emergency. 108. Others were saved only by the construction of dykes around them. 1998 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1998th year of the Common Era (CE) and ... Yangtze River Floods: in China the Yangtze river breaks through the main bank; before this, from August 1–5, peripheral levees collapsed consecutively in Jiayu County Baizhou Bay. As autumn and winter approach, the flood victims on the dykes are totally exposed to the wind, rain and the cold weather. Disaster situation in Hubei, Jiangxi and Hunan. Hundreds of thousands of hectares of land have been reclaimed from lakes and rivers in this manner. 39. 12. by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team (UNDAC)/, Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, II. The mission visited dykes and flooded lands, as well as camps with displaced victims of the floods. 84. Village schools and health clinics China; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia (France) Guam (USA) Hong Kong SAR (China) Japan; Kiribati; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Macao SAR (China) Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of; Mongolia; Nauru; New Caledonia (France) New Zealand; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Palau; … Representatives from the Ministry of Civil Affairs and Governmental representatives from provincial and county level accompanied the two UN missions. The central and southern parts of the country along the banks of the Yangtze river and its tributaries were battered by more than 60 days of heavy flooding. In some cases whole villages have been swept away. 5. The Office of Civil Affairs within the provincial government also reports to the Department of Disaster and Social Relief in Beijing. With the participation of WHO, WFP, FAO and UNDP, two joint UNDAC/ United Nations inter-agency field assessment missions were carried out from September 8 to 16 to three of the worst affected provinces in the Yangtze river basin in the south of China: Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi; and two of the worst affected provinces in the north of China, Heilongjiang and Jilin. While the government approach in many ways can be seen as a top-down system, there is also a need for an additional approach to meet the needs of vulnerable people among the rural population, especially at the hamlet level. Cement, bricks, and timber are required for this. The deluge was not unexpected. Yu studied design at Harvard and returned to China a year before catastrophic flooding along the Yangtze River killed more than 4,000 people in 1998. The impact of the floods on the public health in China in 1998 has been dramatic, with a death toll of 3,004 people, and hundreds of people still missing. According to Chinese government officials, the disaster was also due, in part, to rampant deforestation, causing serious soil erosion, and, in turn, silting. Some of the affected areas visited by the mission had been hit by disasters earlier this year (snow storms, typhoons) compounding the effects of the floods. Their overcrowded camps extend, at times for several kilometres, over narrow stretches of land. The floods created lakes of more than 8000 sq. 22. In the same province, the mission visited an area in which dykes on a river branch of the Yangtze had been deliberately destroyed by explosives, thereby flooding rural land but preserving urban areas and infrastructure. Fabrizio Gentiloni, UNDAC Team Leader, OCHA Geneva While the destruction of these fields was complete and a hardship for farmers, most farmers would have lost only one crop of rice and replanted the second crop in August. Our gratitude also goes to all agency participants in the mission for their active and effective cooperation. The main administrative levels below that of the province are the city, the prefecture, and the county. Farm tractors, important for ploughing, could not be removed before the flood waters rose as the farmers were busy strengthening embankments to prevent even further flooding and damage. It was reported to be the worst flood since 1998, and not 100 years as some in Beijing have said. 16. Following the immediate relief phase, conditions of the flood victims remain precarious. 6 July 2016. Unless this water is removed before the end of October it will freeze and there is a risk that planting will be delayed. A small number of tents donated by the governments of Japan, the Netherlands and Norway were the only evidence of international assistance. The national strategy of self-reliance was seen at every level. Tents have been shown to be very useful for those families repairing their houses. Terje Skavdal, UNDAC This image was acquired on 01 August 1998 over Huarong (200km south-west of Wuhan), and the Yangtze River. However, a structure for the procurement and contracting of supplies should be established by the UN Resident Coordinator or the relevant UN agency. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Yongxiu County, Jiangxi Province (270km) The appeal was launched by the UNDMT in Beijing on 23 September 1998, on the basis of the preliminary findings in this report. Disaster features: natural and man-made breaking of dykes on tributaries of the Yangtze, natural collapse of secondary dykes on the Yangtze, waterlogging, flash floods from mountains, most affected area Jingjiang. 53. As a result, crops in the three provinces have been submerged by up to 6 meters of water for more than two months, and are likely to stay submerged for up to another three months. In the longer term perspective, an in-depth assessment mission needs to be carried out when the water recedes in order to assess the damage and identify medium-term needs to facilitate the recovery of the agricultural activities in the region. Epidemiological surveillance is extremely important in any disaster situation, but especially where the expected morbidity is very difficult to predict. Farmers have also lost a considerable capacity to farm in the immediate and medium term through loss of assets: money, seed, tools, machines and irrigation infrastructure. Due to destruction of forests in the formally heavily forested mountains, it is reported that silt from erosion also continues to raise the bottoms of the rivers each year. Others require plastic sheeting and other supplies to repair their houses. The contribution by the international donors is at best going to be modest and must be focused on the very severely affected counties and those that have been designated by national or provincial government as poverty stricken. Stay at Longjiang County for the night, 08:00-12:00 - Field visit to Jingxing township, Longjiang County It is crucial that international assistance to the flood victims in China be substantially increased, so that the conditions of the displaced people on dykes can be alleviated and their rehabilitation efforts facilitated. During the first week of August new rains in central Hubei and Hunan provinces … Depending on the local severity and nature of the impact of the floods, housing has been damaged in a number of ways. Temporary schools on dykes opened on September 1st. Three percent of the people on the embankments were hospitalized due to dehydration. On Thursday, Chinese authorities said the flooding, which raised water levels at the Three Gorges Dam and inundated cities like Chongqing in August, was the most serious disaster since 1998. 15 million farmers lost their crops. North-east China is a major grain producing area and the impact on the rural economy has been profound. This is a serious problem and a major task for the provincial governments to provide adequate shelter, winter clothes, quilts, and fuel for cooking and heating. The responsibility for the organization of the disaster relief work at national level belongs to the Department of Disaster and Social Relief within the Ministry of Civil Affairs. The millions of farmers living in these areas lost standing crops and have been prevented from planting the normal second crop of rice or vegetables. B. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. Food (see below). Access your account or create a new one for additional features or to post job or training opportunities. Video, 00:00:34 Drone video of China floods. A particular intensification of frequency flooding on the Yangtze and in China has been observed since 1990, with an exceptional ‘density’ of floods in the 1990s (viz. Latest humanitarian reports, maps and infographics and full document archive. Appropriate medicines can be supplied adequately from manufacturers in China. Farmers need considerable assistance to regain their capacity to farm. Population: 59 million, 187,000 sq. 98. 88. However, many government food stores have been flooded, increasing an already uneven distribution of food availability across the region. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission recommends that in-country monitoring and coordination of international emergency assistance be strengthened, in order to cope with the expected increase in the volume of donations. 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