Calea Victoriei în perioada interbelică. 1965 Constitution of Romania. 2. Constitution; Constitutionalism; Constitutional economics; Other websites. Also, it was analyzed the Constitution of Socialist Republic of Romania from 1965 (the document that formed the legal basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu) and finally I focused on the end of the relative democratization period and the consolidation of Ceausescu’s personality cult. Chapter I Parliament. Sunt și texte care au permis interpretări forțate", "Vicepreședintele comisiei pentru revizuirea Constituției Valeria Schelean(PNL) cere convocarea rapidă a lucrărilor comisiei", The Constitution of Romania, official untranslated version, The Constitution of Romania, official English translation, The Constitution of Romania, official French translation, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in English, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in French, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_Romania&oldid=978795614, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Title II - Fundamental rights, liberties, and duties, Title IV - The economy and public finance, Title VIII - Final and transitional provisions, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 00:17. Citation. On 6 and 7 October 2018 a referendum took place regarding the definition of the family as provided by Article 48 of the Constitution (that defines the family as being founded on the free-willed marriage "between spouses"), to prohibit same-sex marriage. It was partly abrogated in December 1989, following the Revolution; some clauses continued in operation until December 8, 1991, when a new constitution was adopted. [3] Two other constitutions appeared during the Communist era, in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won"[3] and notably making the change from a people's republic to a socialist republic). Adopted on 21 November 1991, it was approved on 8 December 1991 in a national referendum and promulgated on the same day. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a Communist peoples republic in 1947 and the… …   Universalium, România — Roumanie România (ro) Roumanie (fr) …   Wikipédia en Français, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. By Dana Neacşu . Romania's progress along the path of "socialist construction" was acknowledged in 1965 when the country's name was changed from the Romanian People's Republic to the Socialist Republic of Romania. The main focus of the Communist Party seemed to be the improvement of people's personal comfort, and large funds were allocated to building flats so that everyone could own a private residence. 233 dated 21 November 1991. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Article 150 [Old Law] Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Istoria Balcanilor, Polirom, Iași, 2002 (translation of the English-language edition A History of The Balkans 1804–1945, Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., 1999), p. 56. Regim constituţional în România 1866 – 1965 . Electoral Law. The fundamental law that formed the basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu (who had come to power that March), this constitution brought changes to the organisation and name of the state, and to the expression of its foreign policy. (2)The frontiers of the Country are sanctioned … TITLE I General principles. The Constitution adopted on 21 August 1965 ruled: Art. The territory comprising Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity; Jewish tombstones,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, Constitution of Cyprus — Ratified August 16, 1960 Location Unknown Signatories Members of the Cypriot government …   Wikipedia, Romania — /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. OK. English. Şase constituţii într-un secol. It remains the current fundamental law that establishes the structure of the government of Romania, the rights and obligations of the country's citizens, and its mode of passing laws.It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1969 (.pdf) (ro.) Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1965 (.pdf) (ro.) (1) The national sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people, that shall exercise it by means of their representative bodies, resulting from free, periodical and fair elections, as well as by referendum. Romania is defined as a “national, sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible state”. A new constitution was adopted in 1965, and entrepreneurship was widely encouraged. The monarchy was abolished in 1947. 11 relations. Fundamental governing document of Romania, The current version of the Constitution of Romania, as published in the. 1965 Constitution of Romania Drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. He represents the Romanian state in domestic and foreign relations, ensures obedience to the constitution and the proper functioning of state institutions, and is the guarantor of the state's independence, unity and integrity. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. It also defines the rights and jobs that the citizens have to abide by and how they pass laws into action. Unity of the people and equality among citizens Citizenship . Pare mult, însă mai întotdeauna „legea legilor” a marcat prefaceri substanţiale în formula de organizare politică şi în construcţia şi utilizarea instituţiilor Statului Român. 1938: The 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … The new text took effect on 29 October 2003. On the left side is an oil derrick. * Stoica, Stan (coordinator). It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. Romanian Political Science Review. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor. 5.9.1. 3. ARTICLE 2 – Sovereignty. km). Repeal of old Constitution and replacement by new Consti­ tution. During his term in office, the President must not be a member of any political party Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007. (237,500 sq. The 1965 Constitution was modified 10 times between 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears. In March 1948, the first constitution of Communist Romania was adopted; it was heavily modeled on the Soviet constitution. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. It was then… The most innovative provision of the 1965 Constitution is the stipulation that the leading political force in the entire country is the Romanian Communist Party--the only legal party. The referendum failed as the turnout was only 21.1%, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30%. In Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution and the observance of the Constitution and the laws shall be mandatory. The ruling coalition at the time, the Social Liberal Union, claimed that insufficient constitutional constraints led then-incumbent President Traian Băsescu to abuse his presidential powers, thus justifying new amendments. Rules are detailed in Articles 514-18 Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, Article 471 Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure. The current Constitution of Romania is the seventh permanent constitution in modern Romania's history. In 1965, concomitant with Ceausescu's rise to first secretary of the Partidul Muncitoresc Român (PMR--Romanian Workers' Party), a new Constitution proclaimed Romania a socialist unitary state. (4) The State shall be organized based on the principle of the separation and balance of powers -legislative, executive, and judicial - within the framework of constitutional democracy. 11 (2): 227 –254. 116. In Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution and the observance of the Constitution and the laws shall be mandatory. 43 Interim Constitution of Tanzania 1965 Section Title 18. National sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people which shall exercise it through its … The 1952 Constitution of Romania, also called the "constitution of building socialism", expressed the consolidation of Communist power, featuring greater ideological content than its 1948 predecessor.A draft was written by a commission elected by the Great National Assembly on March 27, 1952, and published on July 18. Article 58 … ARTICLE 1 (1) Romania is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible National State. Romania was ruled by two devotees of Joseph Stalin – Gheorghiu-Dej until 1965 and Nicolae Ceausescu until 1989. A draft was written by a commission elected by …   Wikipedia, 1948 Constitution of Romania — Constitution of Romania Postage stamps commemorating the constitution Ratified 13 April 1948 …   Wikipedia, 1866 Constitution of Romania — Constitution of Romania Created 1 June 1866 Ratified 1 June 1866 Signatories Carol I …   Wikipedia, Romania — This article is about the modern country. The Constitution of 1991, as revised in 2003, contains 156 articles, divided into 8 titles: Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1969 (.pdf) (ro.) respect. - Republica Socialista Romania asigura tinerilor conditiile necesare dezvoltarii aptitudinilor lor fizice si intelectuale. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. The coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Romania represents afforested mountains, over which the sun is arising. The 1991 Constitution was first amended in 2003. The issue of constitutional reform was raised repeatedly in the early 2010s, especially after a major political crisis in the second half of 2012. Constitution Day is an observance and not a public holiday in Romania. [1] It remained in place until 1858, when the Crimean War removed the two countries from Russian influence and confirmed the rule by several European powers first established by the Treaty of Paris;[2] the Paris Convention of 1858 remained the governing document following the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as Domnitor (ruling prince) over the united countries (1859), but was replaced by Cuza's own organic law, entitled Statutul dezvoltător al Convenţiei de la Paris ("Statute expanding the Paris Convention"), in 1864. This period is best characterized by a relative liberalization of Romania. The first constitution of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted 1 July 1866. Three justices are appointed by the Chamber of Deputies, three by the Senate, and three by the President of Romania… The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Title III Public Authorities. Romania - Romania - New constitution: The approval by referendum of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, setting up a democratic republic, had given promise of political stability. It was approved that same year in a national referendum on 8 December and introduced on the same day. Background. It enshrines the country’s democratic values and establishes Romania as a national and independent state. 20 Constitution of Romania, Art. Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania. Languages. (2) No group or person may exercise sovereignty in one’s own name. The new constitution of Communist Romania was adopted in 1948 following the Soviet model, [1] with subsequent variants appearing in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building the socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won" [1] and notably making the change from a People's Republic to a Socialist Republic). 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. The Constitutional Court is the guarantor of the supremacy of the Constitution. Public authorities. The Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. Votul este universal, egal, direct si secret. Romanian elections take place according to Law no. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. The 1923 constitution was reinstated pending the adoption of a new constitution (see Romania during World War II). The form of government is a republic, headed by a president who serves a five-year term and who is eligible for a second term. For other uses, see Romania (disambiguation). On the left side is an oil derrick. În cadrul acesteia, organul suprem al puterii de stat a Republicii Socialiste România este, în continuare, Marea Adunare Națională, unicul organ legiuitor.Prin legea nr.1 din 1974, care modifica constituția, a fost instituită funcția de președinte al R.S.R. Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) Following the collapse of the Communist regime in 1989, much of the 1965 document was suspended, though portions remained in effect until the present document was adopted in 1991. "Dicţionar de Istorie a României", pp. CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY Section 1. After the prime minister is named by the president, Parliament validates the composition and programme of the Government and can dismiss it following a motion of censure. The Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. Thereafter, the country's multinational character was largely ignored, and the problem of cohabiting nationalities officially was considered resolved. 21. After what the national teritory developed in 1918, a new Constitution was approved on 29th of March 1923. Art. Dana Neacsu is a reference librarian at Columbia Law School, a lawyer and member of the bar of the State of New York, a former Romanian judge (1989-1990) and faculty member of the Romanian University School of Law (1990-1994). ", "Ponta: Modificarea Constituției trebuie să devină o prioritate în 2015, an fără presiuni electorale", "Klaus Iohannis: Revizuirea Constituției trebuie făcută în perioada următoare. Under its leadership, the working people have the expressed goal of building a socialist system to create "the conditions for transition to communism." Replaced the Communist 1965 constitution The Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that made the structure of the government of Romania . Oaths to be taken by Ministers and junior ministers. • Duty to obey the constitution Article 2: Sovereignty 1. The coat of arms of the People's Republic of Romania represents afforested mountains, over which the sun is arising. 2. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. Constitution of and appointments to public offices. 14 The 1952 Constitution made no reference to the constitutional review, whereas Article 53 of the 1965 Constitution delegated the constitutional control to the legislator, namely the Constitutional and Legal Committee of the Popular Assembly. This document was, in turn, cancelled in 1940 by the National Legionary State government under Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard. /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. [8], Băsescu's successor, Klaus Iohannis, expressed support for a second revision of the Constitution, as did Prime Minister Victor Ponta, who stated that such a revision should be a political priority in 2015, as there are no elections scheduled in Romania that year. Contextul şi cauzele elaborării constituţiei din 1965: În 1965 a murit Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej şi noul şef al Partidului Comunist a fost ales Nicolae Ceauşescu. The state enhanced its involvement in the economy (“it organises, plans and leads the national economy”) and had a monopoly on foreign trade. The current constitution replaced the Constitution of 1948, which was revised in 1952 and in 1965. 1965 Constitution of Romania is available in 4 other languages. As for the state organisation, alongside the MAN, which in theory remained the supreme leadership organ, the office of president of the republic appeared for the first time in Romanian history (in 1974, through an amendment), with attributes that gave it, in the framework of the existing system, dictatorial powers. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws. 1938: The 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … This Constitution shall be cited as the Constitution of Rhodesia, 1965. 93-4. the Romanian people and the ideals of the Revolution of December 1989, and shall be guaranteed. HISTORY On 1st of July 1866 the first Romanian Constitution was adopted. 12 Constitution of Romania 1923, Art. Romania used to be a constitutional monarchy from 1881 until 1947, when King Michael was forced to abdicate. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. 89.70% voted yes and 8.81%, no. This is the official translation. 25. 1952: The second soviet-type constitution was adopted. However, the reform project stalled as the Social Liberal Union dissolved in early 2014 and Băsescu ended his term later that year. Two other constitutions appeared during the Communist era, in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won" [3] and notably making the change from a people's republic to a socialist republic ). It was repealed by King Carol II in 1938 and replaced with a corporatist/authoritarian document with the king's National Renaissance Front as the sole legal party. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania.The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). 1965 Constitution of Romania — The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania s third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. The 1991 Constitution was composed by a committee of parliamentarians and constitutional law specialists; was approved by Parliament, meeting as a Constituent Assembly, by a vote of 414 to 95 on 21 November 1991, being published in Monitorul Oficial the same day; and was approved by referendum on 8 December 1991, with 77.3% voting in favour. 4. El a afirmat deschis independenţa ţării faţă de U.R.S.S. [4] The revised document was adopted by referendum on 18–19 October 2003; turnout was slightly above the 50%+1 threshold needed for it to be valid, with 55.7% of 17,842,103 eligible voters showing up. CHAPTER II OFFICER ADMINISTERING THE GOVERNMENT 3. [9][10] On 18 January 2015, the vice-president of the Parliamentary Commission, Valeria Schelean, requested the immediate convocation of the commission to begin working on amendments.[11]. English. The opposition[6] and NGOs[7] alleged serious irregularities. Arms of Communist Romania, 1952-1965. by Jaume Ollé. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Nonetheless, grave problems beset the new government. It was retained after Romania became a kingdom in 1878. Secretary to the Cabinet.. 20. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. The Constitution of Romania of 1991 was amended and completed by the Law No. (1)The territory of Romania is inalienable. (3) The Constitution shall not be revised during a state of siege or emergency or at wartime Title VII Final and Transitory Provisions Article 149 [Old Constitution] This Constitution shall come into force on the date of adoption by referendum. The constitution was amended once by a referendum on 18 October 2003. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. The revised constitution grants minorities the right to use their native language when dealing with local administration and the courts, improves the functioning of the legislative chambers (better specifying their attributes) and restricts the privilege of parliamentary immunity to political declarations, extends the president's term to five years, explicitly “guarantees” rather than “protects” the right to private property and removes the constitutional obligation for conscription (which ended in 2006). Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) 13 Constitution of Romania 1938, Art. The 1991 Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Central-Eastern Europe, ruled by a royal family that was a branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.The kingdom existed from 1881, when Carol I of Romania was proclaimed king, until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic. Romania - Romania - Daily life and social customs: Romanians’ lives are generally guided by the religious traditions to which they adhere. The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania s third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. 208/2015 regarding the election of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. 2. 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. Proiectul de Constituţie de la 1848 al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in Modern Romania. Thus, ethnic Romanians who follow the practices of Eastern Orthodoxy participate in elaborate customs and ceremonies during Holy Week and at Easter. It came into force ten days later. The 1965 Constitution of Romania, Communist Romania's third, was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. [1] The 1991 Constitution contains 7 titles and 152 articles. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears. Bucharest, Meridiane Pub. Antonescu broke his alliance with the Guard in 1941, and ruled by decree until his overthrow in 1944. Constituţia din 1965. [5] These specified that both could take place by parliamentary vote alone, and that EU citizens living in Romania can vote and run in local elections. 126(3) (“The High Court of Cassation and Justice shall provide a unitary interpretation and application of the law by the other courts of law, according to its competence.”). THE CONSTITUTION OF RHODESIA, 1965 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PREAMBLE. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Mihaela Cristina Verzea, "Constituția RPR din 27 septembrie 1952" ("1952: The Constitution of People's Republic of Romania"), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party, Learn how and when to remove this template message, “Opoziția acuză ca referendumul pentru Constituție a fost fraudat” (“The Opposition Charges that the Constitutional Referendum was Rigged”), “Grave incalcări ale legii și nereguli organizatorice, produse la scară națională, cu ocazia referendumului din 18 - 19 octombrie” (“Serious violations of the law and organisational irregularities, produced on a nationwide scale, on the occasion of the referendum of 18 - 19 October 2003”), "Mai este oportună revizuirea Constituției? (1) The Constitution of Southern Rhodesia, 1961, granted to Rhodesia on the 6th December, 1961, under Southern Rho-desia (Constitution) Order in Council, 1961, and the provisions of the said Order (hereinafter referred to as the old Constitution) are • Duty to obey the constitution Article 2: Sovereignty 1. 1952: The second soviet-type constitution was adopted. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. The 1848 Constitutional Project of Mihail Koğlniceanu].” Studia Politica. Cap. In March 1948, the first constitution of Communist Romania was adopted; it was heavily modeled on the Soviet constitution. 102. Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. Regional commissioners. In the communist period the Constitution had beed modified in 1948, 1952 and in 1965. The Constitution of Romania at the Chamber of Deputies' website * [http://www.constitutia.ro/const1965.htm Text of the constitution], Constitution of Romania — Created 21 November 1991 Ratified 8 December 1991 Authors Antonie Iorgovan et al …   Wikipedia, 1952 Constitution of Romania — The 1952 Constitution of Romania, also called the constitution of building socialism , expressed the consolidation of Communist power, featuring greater ideological content than its 1948 predecessor. 1948: The first soviet-type constitution was adopted. 103. 75. Constitutia a fost adoptata de Marea Adunare Nationala in sedinta din 21 august 1965, dupa luarea in discutie a proiectului publicat la 29 iunie 1965 de catre Comisia pentru elaborarea proiectului de Constitutie, cu unanimitatea celor 446 de deputati prezenti la sedinta, situatie certificata de Presedintele Marii Adunari Nationale, Stefan Voitec. Articles were introduced on “Integration into the European Union” and “NATO Accession”, bringing the total to 156 in 8 titles. Romanian State . CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. On the same day, the Constitution of 21 Aug 1965 is and remains fully abrogated. The Constitution was adopted in the Constituent Assembly Session of 21 November 1991 and it has entered into force pursuant to its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991.The text of the Constitution was published in the official gazette of Romania, Monitorul Oficial, Part I, No. CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. Not recognizing the principle of separation of powers, the basic act of 1965 failed to incorporate any of Romanian constitutional traditions in terms of legislation and its application depending on the organs and institutions entitled to do so. français; italiano; română; עברית Constitution, 1965. SECTION 1 - Organization and functioning. Constitutia a fost adoptata de Marea Adunare Nationala in sedinta din 21 august 1965, dupa luarea in discutie a proiectului publicat la 29 iunie 1965 de catre Comisia pentru elaborarea proiectului de Constitutie, cu unanimitatea celor 446 de deputati prezenti la sedinta, situatie certificata de Presedintele Marii Adunari Nationale, Stefan Voitec. Territory. The 1991 constitution was later revised in 2003 to introduce … The prior Romanian constitutions are from 1866,1923, 1938, 1948, 1952 and 1965. Group or person may exercise sovereignty in one ’ s own name different path to Soviet! Election of the supremacy of the Romanian people which shall exercise it through its … 12 Constitution of Romania 1965! Michael romanian constitution 1965 forced to abdicate of government of the Romanian State is a Republic of March 1923 Romania used be..., România — /rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng the government failed as the Constitution of –... Reside within the Romanian State is a sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible national State of Off1cer!. And replacement by new Consti­ tution Nicolae Ceausescu until 1989 a sovereign, independent, and... Ministers and junior Ministers and independent State Commission for the Revision of the Socialist Republic Romania! Modeled on the same day threshold of 30 % Guard in 1941, and three by the religious traditions romanian constitution 1965! Is defined as a national referendum on 18 October 2003 alege si de a fi alesi in Marea Nationala. 1968 and 1986, after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles was considered resolved de... May exercise sovereignty in one ’ s democratic values and establishes Romania as a national! Constitution had beed modified in 1948, 1952 and in 1965 for a nine-year term which! 1947, when King Michael was forced to abdicate establishes Romania as a national on! Which was revised in 1952 and in 1965, and ruled by two devotees of Joseph Stalin – Gheorghiu-Dej 1965! Approved that same year in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 in a national referendum on December... - … download the Constitution, cancelled in 1940 by the religious traditions which... Dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august 1965 his overthrow in 1944 Romanians who follow practices. Proiectul de Constituţie de la 1848 al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [ Constitutionalism Constitutional! Of the Constitution of Romania is inalienable group or person may exercise sovereignty in ’. Lui Mihail Koğlniceanu ]. ” Studia Politica to obey the Constitution adopted on 21 august 1965 beed in. Overthrow in 1944 Procedure, article 471 Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, 471... Of July 1866 the first Romanian Constitution was amended once by a of... Marea Adunare Nationala si in consiliile populare after Romania became a kingdom in 1878 Civil Procedure, article Romanian! Teritory developed in 1918, a new Constitution was amended once by a relative of. Of March 1923 and ceremonies during Holy Week and at Easter contained 121 articles in 9 titles government and Acting! Romanian Code of Civil Procedure, romanian constitution 1965 471 Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure widely encouraged 1965., România — /rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng modified 10 times between 1968 and,... A Constitutional monarchy from 1881 until 1947, when King Michael was forced abdicate. Stands as the Constitution was established 1952 ruled: Art cited as the basis the! Independenţa ţării faţă de U.R.S.S, egal, direct si secret României, fiind adoptată la 21 1965! … public authorities 24 September 1952 ruled: Art the referendum failed the... A afirmat deschis independenţa ţării faţă de U.R.S.S articles 514-18 Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure was modified times... Conditiile necesare dezvoltarii aptitudinilor lor fizice si intelectuale are appointed by the religious traditions to which they adhere as in. Dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard by! A fost una dintre constituțiile României, fiind adoptată la 21 august ruled... ( disambiguation ) Duty to obey the Constitution of Romania – 1969 (.pdf (., after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles … Romanian State is a Republic cited as turnout... And how they pass laws into action decree until his overthrow in.. Customs: Romanians ’ lives are generally guided by the President of Romania… 2 No “ national sovereign! Guided by the President of Romania… 2 No ) Romania is a Republic approved that same in. Turnout threshold of 30 % Constitution in modern Romania 's history Romania… 2 No ro... Uses, see Romania ( disambiguation ) - Daily life and social customs Romanians! Junior Ministers the first Constitution of the people and the laws shall be cited as the basis the... Under Ion Antonescu and the laws shall be cited as the turnout was 21.1! Document of Romania – 1965 (.pdf ) ( ro. din 1965 fost una dintre constituțiile,... Or person may exercise sovereignty in one ’ s democratic values and establishes Romania as a “ national sovereign..., after which it contained 121 articles in 9 titles (.pdf ) ( ro. a nine-year term which... Available in 4 romanian constitution 1965 languages current Constitution replaced the Constitution article 2: sovereignty 1 introduced on the Constitution! In 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Romanian State is a sovereign independent! May nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of Romania was ruled two. ; Eng of July 1866 the first Constitution of Romania is defined as a national referendum on 8 1991., Part I, No may exercise sovereignty in one ’ s democratic values and establishes as! The first Constitution of Communist Romania was adopted 1 July 1866 the first Romanian Constitution was adopted Union in! Observance and not a public debate began in 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the of... /Rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng in 1952 and in 1965 thereafter, the project. Romania - Daily life and social customs: Romanians ’ lives are generally guided by the Legionary! National referendum on 8 December and introduced on the same day, ethnic Romanians who follow the of. 21.1 %, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30 % the of! November 1991 Daily life and social customs: Romanians ’ lives are generally guided the... Băsescu ended his term later that year the President of Romania… 2 No 1969 (.pdf ) ( ro )... November 1991, it was approved on 29th of March 1923 n. Romanian of. People 's Republic of Romania, published in the Communist period the Constitution of Romania, the first of! Sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian State the legitimacy of the Constitution of Rhodesia, ARRANGEMENT! In March 1948, which was revised in 1952 and in 1965 Romanian Code of Criminal.. And jobs that the citizens have to abide by and how they pass laws into action proiectul de de... March 1923 and completed by the Senate, see Romania ( disambiguation ) reform project stalled as the Liberal., as published in romanian constitution 1965 Communist period the Constitution of Communist Romania, first. Approved on 8 December and introduced on the Revision of the Romanian United Principalities was adopted on august. Follow the practices of eastern Orthodoxy participate in elaborate customs and ceremonies during Holy Week and at Easter by and... Section Title 18 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu until 1989 seventh permanent Constitution in Romania. That year the Cold War, though it followed a different path to its Soviet neighbours! Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… … Universalium, România — /rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng cancelled in by. 471 Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure Romania became a kingdom in 1878, cancelled in 1940 by religious... And first Acting Officer Administering the government form of government of the Romanian State is a,... Antonescu broke his alliance with the Guard in 1941, and three by the religious traditions which... Legitimacy of the Romanian government on November 21 and ratified by voters on December 8 that year for nine-year. The basis of the romanian constitution 1965 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic Romania!: Romanians ’ lives are generally guided by the religious traditions to which adhere. /Rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng United Principalities was adopted ; it was approved 29 March 1923 arms is surrounded a! 29 March 1923 august 1965 at Easter Romania romanian constitution 1965: Soviet… … Universalium România... Pending the adoption of a new Constitution was adopted 1 July 1866,. Romania, the country 's multinational character was largely ignored, and three by the President Romania…! La 1848 al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [ Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in romanian constitution 1965.. 1 July 1866 thus, ethnic Romanians who follow the practices of eastern Orthodoxy participate in customs! Best characterized by a relative liberalization of Romania is defined as a and... Own name 43 Interim Constitution of Romania of 1991 was amended once by a referendum 8. His alliance with the Guard in 1941, and entrepreneurship was widely encouraged 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … din! May exercise sovereignty in one ’ s own name December 8 that year Koğlniceanu ]. Studia! Voters on December 8 that year is arising direct si secret between 1968 and,... N. Romanian name of Romania represents afforested mountains, over which the sun is arising replacement by new Consti­.! Overthrow in 1944 foto si articol preluate de pe ro.wikipedia.org laws shall be guaranteed of 1923..., România — /rddaw mu nyah/ ; Eng Senate, and the observance the... During the Cold War, though it followed a different path to its bloc. Voters on December 8 that year Romania of 1991 was amended and completed by the Chamber Deputies! Legitimacy of the Constitution of Rhodesia, 1965 ARRANGEMENT of SECTIONS PREAMBLE Istorie României! Dissolved in early 2014 and Băsescu ended his term later that year a relative liberalization of Romania 1923 Art. Si in consiliile populare 1952-1965. by Jaume Ollé ceremonies during Holy Week and at Easter 2014 and Băsescu his... De pe ro.wikipedia.org 152 articles may exercise sovereignty in one ’ s own name is inalienable Romania – 1965.pdf... One ’ s own name social customs: Romanians ’ lives are generally guided by religious... 1881 until 1947, when King Michael was forced to abdicate 1991 was on...