17–26, 2004. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aśvaghoṣa&oldid=990756877, Ancient Indian dramatists and playwrights, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 09:34. Albertino Mussato of Padua and Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) of Arezzo, both now part of Italy, were the first to be crowned poets laureate after the classical age, respectively in 1315 and 1342. Moreover, it was regarded as a virtue to read it in as much as it contained the noble doctrine in a neat compact form."[13]. According to tradition, when Rashtrapala, a Buddhist drama he wrote, was staged, five hundred princes immediately renounced secular life to become Buddhist monks. He was born in Central India and was a noted philosopher and poet. Although he had to consent to this, he still was not convinced of the elder's virtues until he showed him he had mastered the Bases of Spiritual Power (r̥ddhipādāḥ), at which point he gained faith. Earlier, Buddha’s presence was shown in sculpture by using certain signs. Poet King Important Works Bana Bhatt Harshavardhana Harsha Charita, Kadambari Amarasimha Chandra Gupta II Amarakosha Kalidas Chandra Gupta II Raghuvaṃśa, Kumārasambhava, Ritusamhara, Meghdoot, Malavika Agnimitra Ashvaghosha Kanishka Buddhacharitha Harisena Samudragupta II Prashasti Allahabad Inscription Ravikriti Pulkesin II Aihole Inscription Bhavabhuti Yashovarman … The King, who knew the worth of bhiksu, ordered that seven horses be starved for six days. Asvaghosa was also the writer of a famous court poem of his times called the saundaranandakavya. He organised a Buddhist council where scholars used to gather to discuss major issues.Ashvaghosha was a renowned poet in his court. This poem was discovered and edited by Pandit Haraprasada Shastri. The loser agreed to become the disciple of the other. Now. Ancient chroniclers differ on the details of Ashvaghosha's birth and life. They agreed that the elder Pārśva should speak first, and he said: "The world should be made peaceable, with a long-lived king, plentiful harvests, and joy throughout the land, with none of the myriad calamities", to which the ascetic had no response and so was bound to become Pārśva's disciple, and he was given full ordination as a bhikṣu. He was also known for his musical talents. rta dbyangs) (c. 80 – c. 150 CE) was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India.He was born in Saketa in northern India. Though thinking the old monk would be unable to debate with him, he accepted the challenge. Asvaghosa was a noted poet and is considered to be instrumental in the spread of Buddhism. Mathura and Taxila became prominent places where several statues of Buddha were made. This poem is also on the life of Buddha, but completely different from anything that has ever been written on Buddha's life before. Ashvaghosha was a philosopher and poet who is considered India’s greatest poet before Kalidasa (5th century) and the father of Sanskrit drama. Aśvaghoṣa or Ashvaghosh was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. According to the traditional biography of Aśvaghoṣa,[4][5] which was translated into Chinese by Kumārajīva, and preserved in that language, he was originally a wandering ascetic who was able to defeat all-comers in debate. He was a Buddhist philosopher, poet, orator and dramatist from India. He wrote biography of the Buddha named Buddhacharita. Both were new translations of long Sanskrit poems by Ashvaghosha, a Buddhist poet of 2nd c. India. Kanishka accepted the three as full payment, and Ashvaghosha joined him in Purushapura (Peshawar) and became the spiritual counsellor for the court. Aśvaghoṣa; Tib.རྟ་དབྱངས་, Tayang; Wyl. His opponents were, intellectually, beaten down by him. Aśvaghoṣa; Tib. Answer: [B] Kanishka Notes: Asvaghosa wrote “Buddhacharitra” and lived in the court of King Kanishka. He was a renowned Mahayana Sanskrit scholar and author of Sariputra-prakarana and Buddha Charitam. Yamabe, Nobuyoshi. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Earlier, Buddha’s presence was shown in sculpture by using certain signs. Q. Ashvaghosha, who has written the marvelous work “Buddhacharita” was a court poet of which among the following kings? He has written many Sanskrit books prominent among which are the two great poems, Buddhacarita and Saundarananda and a drama called Śāriputraprakaraṇa. This had two special features. The Life of Asvaghosa Bodhisattva; in: Nattier, Jan. 'The Heart Sūtra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text?'. Saumilla: C). He also wrote Saundarananda, a kāvya poem with the theme of conversion of Nanda, Buddha's half-brother, so that he might reach salvation. Susrutha: B). A). In this week’s FBA Podcast, “Ashvaghosha: India’s Great Buddhist Poet” Dhivan introduces Ashvaghosha, the Buddhist poet of 2nd c. AD India. Ashvaghosha, (born 80 ce?, Ayodhya, India—died 150?, Peshawar), philosopher and poet who is considered India’s greatest poet before Kalidasa (5th century) and the father of Sanskrit drama; he popularized the style of Sanskrit poetry known as kavya. During the Muslim invasions of the 10th – 12th centuries, half of the original Sanskrit text was lost. Category:Ashvaghosha. He lived in the 2nd Century A.D. His history of Buddha (Buddhacarita) was translated into Chinese during the period 414 to 421 A.D. To know more about Asvaghosa, continue to read this insightful biography on him. making the sound of a horse; neighing ; with the voice of a horse ; a Buddhist who was a distinguished Sanskrit philosopher, poet, dramatist and author and orator (ca. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies Vol. Poetry may be cited in Saundarananda as only a vehicle for an answer to the problem of suffering, but form and content are not as easily separated as Ashvaghosha seems to suggest, and there is one condition then that his “medicine of poetry” cannot cure and in fact furthers, which is the love of such sweet-tasting medicine. J.K. Nariman: Literary History of Sanskrit Buddhism, Bombay 1919. Chris let us know … He was the most famous in a group of Buddhist court writers, whose epics rivalled the contemporary Ramayana. statues of Buddha were made. 15 (2), 180–81, 1992. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Kanishka was the most famous Kushna ruler, who ruled around 1900 years ago. The Kuṣāna King therefore asked for the Buddha's begging bowl, the converted monk, and the 100,000 gold pieces for his tribute. He clothed manifold notions and ideas in a few words which so delighted the heart of his reader that he never wearied of perusing the poem. The third was Bhikshu Ashvaghosha, a renowned playwright and master of Buddhist philosophy. He wrote in Sanskrit. He wrote the biography of the Buddha.Mahayana Buddhism emerged as a new form. [6][7] And it is now believed he was not from the Mahayanist period,[8] and seems to have been ordained into a subsect of the Mahasanghikas. He was born in Saketa in northern India. first century) — originally a Hindu master, known as Durdharṣakāla, Bhavideva (bha bi lha), or Mātṛceta , he became a Buddhist after being defeated in debate by Aryadeva at Nalanda University. Aśvaghoṣa. Pārśva then taught him the 5 Faculties, the 5 Powers, the 7 Factors and the 8-fold Noble Path, and he eventually mastered the teaching. [14][15], He is also thought to be the author of the Sutralankara.[16][17]. He was previously believed to have been the author of the influential Buddhist text Awakening of Mahayana Faith, but modern scholars agree that the text was composed in China. His song used to talk of the banalities of life and the meaninglessness of human existence without faith and belief. Life of the Buddha. He was the greatest literary figure at Kanishka’s court. He used to roam around with his musical partners, men and women, playing music and singing songs in the market places. [1] He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the greatest Indian poet prior to Kālidāsa. He travelled throughout northern India proclaiming the Dharma and guiding all through his wisdom and understanding, and he was held in great regard by the four-fold assembly, who knew him as The Sun of Merit and Virtue. Mathura and Taxila became prominent places where several statues of Buddha were made. He was known under the following names also: Ācārya, … BUDDHA'S RENUNCIATION: I (Ashvaghosha's Buddha-Charita) — trans. In the court epics (c.200 B.C.–c.A.D. A second poem, Manimegalai, was written as a continuation of the first, the heroine being the daughter of Kovalan and the courtesan, and an ardent Buddhist. 1 and 3: B). In this week’s FBA Podcast, “Ashvaghosha: India’s Great Buddhist Poet” Dhivan introduces Ashvaghosha, the Buddhist poet of 2nd c. AD India. Even the horses, whose favourite food was placed in front of them, were entranced by the Teaching of the monk, and listened intently. Ashvaghosha 2. It is not quite certain when the poem, from which is taken this story of The Great Renunciation, was written; but we shall go near the truth if we say it dates from about two thousand years ago. Its importance is increased when one considers that it formulates the fundamental doctrines of the Mahayana School, and was written by Ashvaghosha, one of the greatest poets of India, during an early part of the first century AD - a period when communication between East and West was reasonably frequent and extensive. Ashvaghosha (Devanagari: अश्वघोष, Aśvaghoṣa; * um 80; † um 150) war ein indischer Dichter, Gelehrter und Dramatiker.Er wurde wahrscheinlich in Saketa (heute Ayodhya) in Nordindien geboren. Born in Ayodhya (modern Oudh) into a Brahman family. Poetry Quotes; Teamwork Quotes; Sports Quotes; QUOTATIONS by AUTHOR: Books by and about Ashvaghosha Click this icon to engrave the quote on mugs, bookmarks, t-shirts and much more. Nagarjuna 4. 64, pp. The ascetic came to ask why it had been sounded. He was then granted the name Aśvaghoṣa, Horse-Cry. At this time two works both titled Buddhacarita, meaning the life of the Buddha, were composed by monk poets at the court of the great Buddhist emperor Kaniska. Pages 30–55 of Jamie Hubbard, Paul Loren Swanson, editors. He was born in Saketa in northern India. Ashvaghosha: was the spiritual adviser of Kanishka (the Kushan emperor) who took a leading part in the Fourth Buddhist Council at Srinagar which was presided by Vasumitra. རྟ་དབྱངས་, Tayang; Wyl. Ashvaghosha disseminated the kavya (court epic) style of Sanskrit poetry and led many people to Shakyamuni Buddha's teachings through his skills in music and literature. This had two special features. He is described in Tibetan history as someone who could just solve any question, any query and could give a solution to any problem. Ashvaghosha, a poet has composed a biography of the Buddha, the Buddhacharita, was the part of Kanishka court and other Buddhist researchers along with him is scholars now created writing in Sanskrit. There was no one there to meet the challenge so they stopped beating the wood-block. the Mahayana School, and was written by Ashvaghosha, one of the greatest poets of India, during an early part of the first century AD - a period when communication between East and West was reasonably frequent and extensive. A). 2, 3 and 4: C). By Jit Majumdar. Two of his works survive: a poetic re-telling of the Buddha’s life-story (‘The Buddhacarita’ or ‘Acts of the Buddha’), and ‘Handsome Nanda’, about the conversion of the Buddha’s sensuous and wife-loving cousin to the Dharma. [10], He wrote an epic life of the Buddha called Buddhacharita[11][12] (Acts of the Buddha) in Sanskrit. The monk I-tsing (Yijing) mentioned that in his time Buddhacarita was "...extensively read in all the five parts of India and in the countries of the South Sea (Sumātra, Jāva and the neighbouring islands). 'On the School Affiliation of Aśvaghoṣa: "Sautrāntika" or "Yogācāra"?' Now they began writing in Sanskrit. This had two special features. The hardbound little books, with their light turquoise dust jackets and cream paper, lie in the hand like old-fashioned classics, quiet, dignified yet attractive. [9] Some recent research into his kavya poems have revealed that he may have used the Yogacarabhumi as a textual reference, particularly for the Saundarananda, which opens up the possibility he was affiliated with either the Yogacara or the Sautrantika school. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies Vol. Ashvaghosha and other Buddhist scholars now began writing in Sanskrit. He is consid He was a Buddhist philosopher, poet, orator and dramatist from India. A new form of Buddhism, known as Mahayana Buddhism and now it is known as developed. Shaunaka -- View Answer: 3). [13] Today, the second half only exists in Chinese and Tibetan translations. Kanishka 3). Indian poet who lived about the second century. This had two distinct features. The King then made an assembly and had the bhikṣu preach the Dharma. 19. 19. Li Rongxi (2002). Nagasena Which of the above are Buddhist scholars? ; Foreword. He was born in Ayodhya; he is also connected to places like Benares and Patna. Aśvaghoṣa or Ashvaghosha (/'əɕʋə'gʰoːʂə/; c. 80 – c. 150 CE (Lopon rTa Yangs, The poem ends tragically with the death of all three, but husband and wife are reunited in heaven. Earlier, the Buddha’s presence was shown in sculpture by using certain signs. xix, p. 79 ff and F. W. Thomas Journal of … 1100), ... Its earliest representatives were the poet and playwright Ashvaghosha (second century) and the playwright Bhasa (c. fourth century). Buddhacarita, also spelled Buddhacharita, in full Buddhacarita-kavya-sutra (Sanskrit: “Poetic Discourse on the Acts of the Buddha”), poetic narrative of the life of the Buddha by the Sanskrit poet Ashvaghosha, one of the finest examples of Buddhist literature. 1100), ... Its earliest representatives were the poet and playwright Ashvaghosha (second century) and the playwright Bhasa (c. fourth century). It described in 28 chapters the whole Life of the Buddha from his birth until his entry into Parinirvāna. Translated by Patrick Olivelle. rta dbyangs) (b. ca. His narrative poem Buddhacarita, on the life He was born in Saketa in northern India. Ashvaghosha was a renowned poet in his court. Samudragupta 4). What follows is a draft for a new version of Ashvaghosha's (1st century CE) Buddha-charitra, based on the translation edited by E. B. Cowell (1894) for the Anecdota Oxoniensia series. He popularized the style of Sanskrit poetry known as kavya and eventually ascended the position of the spiritual counselor in Kanishka’s court at Peshawar. The King could not pay so much, as he had only 100,000. Kanishka I or Kanishka the Great, an emperor of the Kushan dynasty in the second century (c. 127–150 CE), is famous for his military, political, and spiritual achievements. Ashvaghosha (Skt. He was a Buddhist philosopher, poet, orator and dramatist from India. Dan Lusthaus, "Critical Buddhism and Returning to the Sources." Aśvaghoṣa or Ashvaghosha (/'əɕʋə'gʰoːʂə/; c. 80 – c. 150 CE) was a Sarvāstivāda Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. Aśvaghoṣa Buddhist Indian poet and philosopher. Know more about his life in this brief biography. However, in the north there was an elder bhikṣu named Pārśva at the time, who saw that if he could convert this ascetic, it would be a great asset to the propagation of the Dharma, so he travelled from northern India and had the wood-block sounded. The Kuṣāna's King's Ministers, however, were unhappy, not thinking that the bhikṣu was priced correctly at 100,000 gold pieces. He set a challenge to the Buddhist monks that if none could meet with him in debate then they should stop beating the wood-block which signalled to the people to bring offerings to them. Rows: 1 - 2 of 2: Page: 1 of 1: Serenity. E. B. Cowell (trans): Buddhist Mahâyâna Texts, "The Buddha-karita of Asvaghosha". When we compare the descriptions in the seventh book of the Raghuvaṁsa of the ladies of the city crowding to see prince Aja as he passes by from the Svayaṁvara where the princess Bhojyā has chosen him as her husband, with the episode in the third book of th Drama (nataka) was mastered through the Sanskrit plays of Ashvaghosha and Bhasa. Kanishka Asvaghosa wrote “Buddhacharitra” and lived in the court of King Kanishka. Ashvaghosha: Ashvaghosha, philosopher and poet who is considered of Faith in the Mahayana”), the Buddhacarita (“The Life of Buddha”), in verse, and the. He was considered as great as Kalidasa. Sometimes transliterated as: Asvaghosa, AZvaghosa, Ashvaghosha. Ajatshatru The lucky discoverer and editor of this poem is Pandit Haraprasada Shastri (A. Bastion, Journale Asiatique 1902, vol. 1, 2 and 4 -- View Answer: 2). The second distinct feature was a … The first of these was written by Sangharaksa and was a combination of verse and prose, and although the original Sanskrit has been lost, a Chinese translation of it still exists. A famous poet Ashvaghosha lived in his court. [2] Whereas much of Buddhist literature prior to the time of Aśvaghoṣa had been composed in Pāli and Prakrit, Aśvaghoṣa wrote in Classical Sanskrit.[3]. Ashvaghosh was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India while Vasumitra was a scholar in his court who headed the 4th Buddhist Council. A new form of Buddhism, known as Mahayana Buddhism, now developed. Earlier, Buddha’s presence was shown in sculpture by using certain signs. that Aśvaghoṣa’s poem appears to have exercised an important influence on the succeeding poets of the classical period in India. Years of birth and death unknown. Yoshichika Honda. A poet laureate (plural: poets laureate) is a poet officially appointed by a government or conferring institution, typically expected to compose poems for special events and occasions. Legend obscures the man, but it is known that he was an outspoken opponent of Buddhism until, after a … He propagated Buddhism in northern India under the … A new form of Buddhism now developed which is known as Mahayana Buddhism. He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the greatest Indian poet prior to Kālidāsa. 26 (2), 225-249, 2003. Kalhana (sometimes spelled Kalhan or Kalhan'a) (c. 12th century), a Kashmiri, was the author of Rajatarangini (River of Kings), an account of the history of Kashmir.He wrote the work in Sanskrit between 1148 and 1149. After seven days, the debate was held in front of the King, his Ministers, and many ascetics and brahmans. 1, 3 and 4: D). He wrote the biography of the Buddha. Go straight to Contents of Acts of the Buddha. He wrote the biography of the Buddha. Now statues of Buddha were made. He was therefore taken away. Ashvaghosha, a poet who composed a biography of the Buddha, the Buddhacharita, lived in his court. 'Indian Buddhism and the kāvya literature: Asvaghosa's Saundaranandakavya.' Who among the following is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period? Later, he made this one of his techniques to spread the message of his religion. Now statues of Buddha were made. Aśvaghoṣa was the author of another poem to be classed in the category of court poetry viz., Saundaranandakāvya. Sudraka: D). Ashvaghosha: India’s Great Buddhist Poet. Ashvaghosha, who has written the marvelous work ``Buddhacharita' was a court poet of which among the ... 2). Ashvaghosha (Skt. Ashvaghosha was born a Brahman. Aśvaghoṣa; Tib.རྟ་དབྱངས་, Tayang; Wyl. Charles Johnston Being an Original Translation from the Sanskrit of Ashvaghosha's Buddha-Charita.. Although the King of the central kingdom was unhappy, the monk persuaded him it would be for the good of the propagation of the Dharma which would spread across the four continents if he went with the Kuṣāna King. Hiroshima Daigaku Daigakuin Bungaku Kenkyuuka ronshuu, vol. Later, the central kingdom was besieged by the Kuṣāna King's army, who demanded 300,000 gold pieces in tribute. Ashvaghosha (Skt. Statues of the Buddha were made in Mathura and Taxila. Mahayana Buddhism emerged as a new form. སློབ་དཔོན་རྟ་དབྱངས།) was a Sarvāstivāda Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. Everybody was thereby convinced of his worth. He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the greatest Indian poet prior to Kālidāsa. Born in a Brahman family, Asvaghosa was a noted poet and is considered to be instrumental in the spread of Buddhism. He was born in Saketa in northern India. Buddhacarita: Buddhacarita, poetic narrative of the life of the Buddha by the Sanskrit poet Ashvaghosha, one of the finest examples of Buddhist literature. The first half of the work describes Nanda's life, and the second half of the work describes Buddhist doctrines and ascetic practices. Bhavabhuti 3. Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष).—A famous Sanskrit poet. In the court epics (c.200 B.C.–c.A.D. 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'The Heart:..., Bombay 1919, … Years of birth and death unknown scholars used to gather to discuss issues.Ashvaghosha... Thinking that the bhikṣu preach the Dharma by Pandit Haraprasada Shastri Shastri ( A.,... Meaninglessness of human existence without faith and belief Page: 1 of 1:.! Form of Buddhism now developed which is known as Mahayana Buddhism, Bombay 1919 Chinese Apocryphal text?.! The loser agreed to become ashvaghosha was the court poet of disciple of the International Association of Buddhist Studies Vol in.. Describes Buddhist doctrines and ascetic practices, beaten down by him his religion India and was a Buddhist,! `` Sautrāntika '' or `` Yogācāra ''? ' long Sanskrit poems by Ashvaghosha, who ruled around Years. Was held in front of the King, his Ministers, however, were unhappy, thinking! Kanishka Asvaghosa wrote “ Buddhacharitra ” and lived in his court 1, 2 4! 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Third was Bhikshu Ashvaghosha, who knew the worth of bhiksu, ordered that seven horses be starved six... Buddhist doctrines and ascetic practices 's saundaranandakavya. the Original Sanskrit text was lost his religion were! Ruled around 1900 Years ago mastered through the Sanskrit of Ashvaghosha and Bhasa Johnston an... He organised a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, and is considered the greatest figure... ] Kanishka Notes: Asvaghosa wrote “ Buddhacharitra ” and lived in the places. Buddhist poet of which among the following is known as Mahayana Buddhism Page: 1 of 1 Serenity. With ashvaghosha was the court poet of musical partners, men and women, playing music and songs!