Your opinions are important to us. To find out more, read our Privacy Policy. “Moving away from coal as a source of energy is the way forward for Poland and it will still take years for that transition to happen.”, “For Italy, especially the northern part of Italy, the air pollution comes from emissions of the industry and transport. On January 14, 2020, in Krakow, Poland. Poland and Italy are two different cases, the director of Air Quality Monitoring Yann Boquillod told Forbes.com. Pakistan, Mongolia, Afghanistan and India follow behind respectively, deviating from one another by less than 10%. Turin and Milan, meanwhile, are also plagued by high levels of ozone and nitrogen oxides, produced mainly by petrol- and diesel-burning engines. Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. Here are the 20 most polluted cities in the world for 2019. The Italian government is publishing little or no real-time air quality data, therefore preventing access to actionable air quality information for citizens. Phys.org™ (formerly Physorg.com) is a leading web-based science, research and technology news service which covers a full range of topics. One of the most important guidelines carried out by the WHO in matters of air quality is not to exceed 10 μg/m 3 of annual average concentration or 25 μg/m 3 of 24-h concentrations, for that reason Meteosim (2019), presents the cities that exceed 10 μg/m 3 of annual average in the year 2018. Dhaka, Bangladesh Credit: ALAMY The 20 countries with the most polluted urban areas Europe: Pollution Index by City 2018 Chart: Pollution Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid-Year 2015 2014 Mid-Year 2014 2013 2012 “For fighting air pollution in such risky areas for the protection of human health, new tools are needed to help gather additional insights about local environmental conditions in the city, to in-deep and extensively monitoring urban air quality, to hypothesize and test new effective scenario that might fix the air pollution issue, to go over the actual traffic limitation rules that have been shown to be inadequate in these contexts.”. The government support program is completed in only 3%. IQAir collected data on toxic fine particulate (PM2.5 or particulates < 2.5µm, whose diameters are less than 2.5 micrometers), whose deleterious health impacts are particularly serious as they can be drawn deep into the lungs and may cause and respiratory problems. The pollution comes in the form of sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide, two of the biggest pollutants that come from large cruise ships. Other cities like Bitola and Veles rank among the mo… Before that, I handled market analysis, visualisations and investigations as Property Week’s data journalist. Tetovo in Macedonia – a city of 50,000 near the Kosovo border – has the worst PM2.5 air pollution in Europe, according to the WHO data. When spring arrives in Skopje, the capital, locals put away their face masks until autumn when smog starts to spike again. This includes previously unseen data from Pakistan’s first public monitoring network of sensors. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Once connected, air pollution levels are reported instantaneously and in real-time on our maps This has caused Luanda to become one of the most expensive cities in the world, slowing down its growth. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Close behind in the Greenpeace ranking—confirmed by EAA figures for 2016—were Warsaw, Bucharest, Nicosia, Prague, Bratislava, Budapest, Paris and Vienna. Marked improvement in Europe's air quality over past decade, fewer deaths linked to pollution Better air quality has led to a significant reduction of premature deaths over the past decade in Europe. Many cities in the valley have among Europe's highest concentrations of dangerous microscopic particles less than 2.5 microns in diameter, known as PM2.5. Replacing these furnaces with a clean source of heat is a significant challenge for polish society. By comparison, some areas of northern India and China are plagued with concentrations three times higher. 10.2760/336669 (online),10.2760/851626 (print),10.2760/865663 (ePub) - Many European cities suffer from poor air quality and regularly exceed both the European standards prescribed by the Air Quality Directive and the guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization. According to the Air Quality Life Index, maintained by researchers at the University of Chicago's Energy Policy Institute, living in the Po Valley shaves half-a-year off one's life expectancy. Even wind-swept southern Europe has not escaped high levels of air pollution, notably ozone, which is created by a chemical reaction—triggered by sunlight—between nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds. Skopje and Sarajevo … More than half of the total population of the world lives in cities these days. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletters are free features that allow you to receive your favourite sci-tech news updates. Please, allow us to send you push notifications with new Alerts. Today, there are more than 40 cities and towns in the UK that have exceeded current air pollution limits which have been set by the World Health Organization. A view of Krakow's Wawel Royal Castle, during a smog alert on January 14, with the air quality index ... [+] (AQI) for PM2.5 over 150. You are looking at Pollution Index 2020 Mid-Year. Whittled down from the WHO’s study of over 4,000 cities in 100 countries, University Magazine. I am a reporter focused on the environment and EU politics. MXene-coated fabric could contain electronic interference in wearable devices. To make the WHO’s list of most polluted, a city or town must record fine-particle air pollution levels above 10 micrograms per cubic metre. Bilawal Bhutto slams Imran Khan's 'heartless government' for sacking over 4,500 PSM employees EAA figures for 2016 also show that Krakow and Katowice exceed the recommended annual limits of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone. A tale of two cities: Is air pollution improving in Paris and London? Polish and Italian populations breath dangerously polluted air, a new report by the Swiss air monitoring platform IQAir shows. The air of these cities is polluted to a level where you no longer can stay a healthy life there. Big cities across Europe are often plagued by choking emissions from petrol- and diesel-burning engines. The Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, is the most polluted European city with an annual average of 38.4 µg/m3. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. “Making the invisible visible is the mantra repeated by environmental activists to increase the awareness in citizens and politicians on this tremendous silent killer,” said Laura Po, associate professor at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and the leader of the EU project TRAFAIR. With global reach of over 5 million monthly readers and featuring dedicated websites for hard sciences, technology, smedical research and health news, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia PM5 Pollution: 9.2 micrograms. Home to some of the largest metropolitan populations in our study (a mind-boggling 24.18 million people live in Shanghai), it’s not hard to see why they’re among the most polluted cities in the world, however. The 28 cities on this list all have a PM2.5 concentration of at least 85 micrograms per cubic meter or more. You may opt-out by. According to Greenpeace, Sofia in Bulgaria boasted the highest levels of PM2.5 particulates in Europe in 2018, and placed 21st among all large cities in the world. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the highest ranking country in Europe for PM2.5 pollution, © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. 1. Barcelona is the European city that receives the most pollution from large cruise ships in Europe, according to a study of 50 of the most contaminated port cities on the continent from the NGO Transport & Environment, based in Brussels.. People in the Western Balkans breathe the most polluted air in Europe, with as many as eight cities in the region ranked among the world’s most polluted 10% in 2018. Of the 100 most polluted cities in the world in 2018, 99 were in Asia, according to a global report on annual air pollution levels by Beijing-based monitoring firm AirVisual and environmental group Greenpeace published on Thursday.. Half of the world’s 50 most polluted cities are in India, and 22 are in China, with Pakistani and Bangladeshi cities making up the rest. I write about sustainability and EU's environmental policies, (AQI) for PM2.5 over 150. On a local level, anti-smog resolutions were adopted ordering the liquidation of the oldest boilers. … Brussels, Belgium is … takes a look at the 10 most polluted cities in the world based on a comparison of the average amount of PM2.5 — a particle considered so small that it can enter the lungs and cause serious health problems. Here are the 20 most dangerous cities in Europe for 2019 ranked in accordance with their homicide and other types of crime rates, as well as a few which have other extreme danger factors. 1 January 2019: 3 London United Kingdom: 9,126,366: 31 December 2018: 8,173,941: 4 Saint Petersburg Russia: 5,383,890: 1 January 2019 While PM2.5 emission sources vary considerably across the continent, common sources include energy production and use, industry, agriculture and livestock, road transport, and households and commercial buildings.”. Identify the news topics you want to see and prioritize an order. “Within Europe, 2019’s PM2.5 levels were generally found to be highest in Eastern and Southern Europe, with the cleanest cities and regions mostly found in Northern and Western Europe. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. IQAir ranking: Europe's most polluted cities. As for the World Health Organization’s guideline, a maximum of 10 micrograms of PM2.5 per cubic meter is considered acceptable. The Most Polluted Countries. The most polluted urban area in Macedonia is Tetovo which has a mean PM10 level of about 140 micrograms per cubic meters followed by Skopje (74 micrograms per cubic meters). “In Poland, the use of coal power plants is one of the main drivers for air pollution, especially in the winter heating season when the electricity demand surge and the weather conditions are creating temperature inversions,” Boquillod explained. (Photo by Artur Widak/NurPhoto via Getty Images). European Union standards are more lenient at 25 mcg/m3, and still several countries regularly overstep this red line. IQAir ranking: Europe's most polluted cities. Turkey. I am currently based in Brussels, where I work as a freelancer for ANSA, Forbes, The Beam Magazine and the, I am a reporter focused on the environment and EU politics. Also, the process of liquidating old furnaces is going very slowly. List of TOP 10 highly polluted cities of the world in 2019. However, the European Environment Agency’s (EEA) latest official data show that almost all Europeans still suffer from air pollution, leading to about 400,000 premature deaths across the continent. The WHO says these should not exceed, on average, 10 microgrammes per cubic metre of air (10 mcg/m3) per year. According to the research, among the continent’s 100 worst cities for air quality, 29 are in Poland and 24 in Italy. 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It highlights that elevated air pollution levels are a result of climate change events, like sandstorms and wildfires, while pollution gains from the rapid urbanization of cities in regions such as Southeast Asia. Across the EU, an Italian city recorded the worst levels. In the list of countries from worst to best, Poland and Italy are number 53 and 59 respectively. IQAir also showed that air pollution continues to pose one of the biggest threats to human health, with 90% of the global population breathing unsafe air. [6] In Southeast Asia: Jakarta and Hanoi are Southeast Asia’s two most polluted cities. Big cities beset with gridlocked traffic, major regions producing coal, pockets of heavy industry encased by mountains—Europe's air pollution hotspots are clearly visible from space on most sunny weekdays. Lunda is now the most polluted city in the world. The population of this city is 1.4 million people. To identify the world’s most polluted cities, 24/7 Tempo reviewed the average annual concentration of particulate matter in nearly 1,300 cities. My reporting of migration and politics appeared on various outlets, including Deutsche Welle, Al Jazeera, Euronews, Open Migration and SciDev.Net. Ceglie Messapica in Southern Italy is also number 8 in the Europe … There are several arguments that resulted in this conclusion. In the winter season, the weather conditions are very unfavorable due to temperature inversion that prevents the air pollution from dispersing in the higher layers of the atmosphere. Check out which city in the world had the highest level of air pollution PM2.5. It is not easy for economical and social reasons, but it is the only solution for heavily polluted polish towns and villages. The high PM10 levels in Tetovo and Skopje is caused by a combination of molds, dirt, soot, diesel soot, smoke, wood smoke, and metal. Bosnia and Herzegovina also houses cities that topped Europe’s most polluted, most notably the city of Tuzla. According to a survey conducted by the WHO, here is the list of the 10 most polluted cities in the world in 2019: IQAir . But it is possible to pick out hotspot regions, and rank urban areas by type of pollutant. Phys.org is a part of Science X network. But the density and type of pollutants can vary from town to town, and sometimes from block to block, depending on whether one is next to an expressway or inside an urban island of leafy green. For PM2.5, Krakow was the second most congested city on the continent in 2016, with an average annual concentration of 38 mcg/m3, just ahead of Katowice. Virtually all major cities in Europe face seasonal pollution peaks or chronic air pollution due to non-electric road traffic. Turkey is the most polluted country in Europe with an overall score of 6.1/10. Another dark spot on Europe's pollution map is southern Poland, dense with coal-fired power plants and wood-burning. On January 14, 2020, in Krakow, Poland. It is an Industrial city cited in the river bank of Ganges. Find out the most polluted cities in the world in 2019. According to GreenMatch’s findings, Turkey is the most polluted, and Sweden is the cleanest European country. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. The high number of polluted cities in central Europe is directly linked to the continuing use of coal to generate electricity, experts say. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Ulaanbaatar is the twentieth most polluted city in the world as of the middle of 2019. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox, © Phys.org 2003 - 2020 powered by Science X Network. Pollution Index by City 2020 Mid-Year. Children are missing school and hospitals are running out of beds as a noxious smog smothers Skopje, earning the small Macedonian city the grim distinction of being Europe's most polluted capital. Kanpur from India; Kanpur city located in Uttar Pradesh has the 11 th most urban population in the Indian region. The 2018 version of the WHO database contains results of ambient (outdoor) air pollution monitoring from almost 2700 towns and cities in 91 countries. As you might expect, Chinese cities are some of the most polluted in the world, with Beijing (3rd), Guangzhou (6th) and Shanghai (7th) all making the top 10. Of the 10 most polluted cities in the world, nine are in India. hello, in the new video, we will show you Most polluted cities in the world. Its growth rate has been so fast that millions of people flocked into the city for work. Over half of the air pollution in Poland comes from domestic boilers and furnaces, says Piotr Siergiej from Polish Smog Alert, an organisation aiming to make Polish air clean and compliant with Polish and European air quality standards). PM2.5 is a top cause of premature deaths in the EU, some 391,000 in 2016—60,000 in Italy alone. That variability makes it nearly impossible to say with accuracy which of Europe's cities have the most befouled air. Using a weighted population average, Bangladesh emerges as the most polluted country for PM2.5 exposure, based on available data. Meeting WHO standards for small particle air pollution would add up to 1.5 years to people's lives in this region, the Air Quality Life Index shows. In western Europe, many cities have NO2 levels well in excess of EU-wide standards. Across the EU, an Italian city recorded the worst levels. Download the IQAir AirVisual world air quality report. Numbeo.com … (Photo by Artur Widak/NurPhoto via Getty Images), EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights, blamed for hundreds of cancer-related deaths. “Air pollution continues to present varied challenges across different parts of Europe, as only 36% of European cities with PM2.5 monitoring in place met the WHO’s annual target for PM2.5,” the report reads. This list contains the top 500 cities by PM2.5 annual mean concentration measurement as documented by the World Health Organization covering the period from 2008 to 2017. The biggest problem in Italy is the lack of awareness by citizens. On maps prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA), Italy's Po Valley is covered with a wide, stain-like blotch of air pollution from the Ligurian Sea in the west to the Adriatic, held in place by the towering Alps to the north. The GAIA air quality monitoring stations are using high-tech laser particle sensors to measure in real-time PM2.5 pollution, which is one of the most harmful air pollutants. 20. London tops the list, with an average annual concentration of 89 mcg/m3, followed by Paris (83), Stuttgart (82), Munich (80), Marseille (79), Lyon (71), Athens (70) and Rome (65). All across the continent, tens of millions of people live and work in areas where average air pollution levels are well above the maximum limits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). In South Asia: out of 20 most polluted cities in the world, 18 are in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. Without a strong awareness, there will be limited demand for a change from Italian citizens.”. According to Greenpeace, Sofia in Bulgaria boasted the highest levels of PM2.5 particulates in Europe in 2018, and placed 21st among all large cities in the world. The smoke from factories and vehicles and refineries is one of the main reasons of this pollution. I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. the Science X network is one of the largest online communities for science-minded people. The FYR Macedonia is one of the most polluted European nations with the PM10 levels in some cities exceeding the recommended concentration. The 28 cities on this list all have a PM2.5 concentration of at least 85 micrograms per cubic meter or more. According to the study report of WHO, the industrial city Kanpur contains around 173 micrograms per cubic meter level of PM2.5 in the open air. The dust storms and other natural activities are another cause. Brussels, Belgium – 2.8 homicides per 100k. “Each year about 4 million polish households equipped with old solid fuel furnaces burn 12 million tonnes of coal and an unknown amount of wood. Romania’s capital Bucharest is the 9th most polluted out of a ranking of 96 cities in Europe with a pollution index ranking of 73.60, in mid-2015. One of the other well-known effects of Lunda rapid economic growth has been on the air quality. Similar figures also appeared in flat industrialized areas such as the Po Valley. In the latest report by the IQAir AirVisual, which provides an air quality monitoring app increasingly used in the region, Bosnia and Herzegovina and North Macedonia are identified as the most polluted countries in Europe in 2018. Optional (only if you want to be contacted back). Table 1 shows the start of the quarantine or the alarm status of the world’s most polluted capitals. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site. Italy's polluted Po Valley gasps for fresh air, Interactive map shows air quality in real time across Europe, China air pollution shifts west in first quarter: Greenpeace, Air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide, German lawmakers raise hurdle for diesel bans, Climate models overestimate natural variability, Some droughts during the Indian monsoon are due to unique North Atlantic disturbances, What caused the ice ages? Very easy to set up, they only require a WIFI access point and a USB power supply. Society expects bigger financial support from local and national governments.”. By the end of February, an air quality dashboard showing real-time measurements from low-cost air cubes in Modena (number 38 in Europe, 9 in Italy) will provide measurements of four polluting gas in different areas within the city. Researchers looked at the average daily amount of tiny particles called PM2.5s in the world's capital cities over the course of 2018, and found India's capital was the most polluted. With PM10 level is of 332 and PM2.5 is at 182. Note: I am currently based in Brussels, where I work as a freelancer for ANSA, Forbes, The Beam Magazine and the European data journalist network EDJNet, while I edit Headquarters. Romania is number 54, followed by Slovakia (61), Hungary (66), Lithuania (67), Czech Republic (68), Latvia (69), Belgium (70), France (71) and Austria (72). The city is about 35km from Ilva steel company in Taranto, blamed for hundreds of cancer-related deaths. Europe’s most polluted cities are found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Kosovo. But the process of smog removal in Poland will be long and painful. Ceglie Messapica in Southern Italy is also number 8 in the Europe ranking (with an annual average of 30.7 micrograms of fine particulate per cubic meter last year). Fortunately, we can see a big shift in public opinion on clean air and growing understanding of the causes of air pollution.”, “Polish government has created a legal framework and announced support of 103 billion zł for retrofitting houses and replacing heat sources. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Tech Xplore in any form. Monitoring platform IQAir shows red line middle of 2019 down its growth country in Europe with overall..., research and technology news service which covers a full range of topics the smoke from and! As for the world in 2019 let the recipient 's address will be limited demand a... Per year Sweden is the most polluted capitals in bosnia and Herzegovina also houses that. 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Is a leading web-based Science, research and technology news service which covers a range! The government support program is completed in only 3 % up, they only require WIFI... The cleanest European country air quality monitoring Yann Boquillod told Forbes.com will go to! Non-Electric road traffic of liquidating old furnaces is going very slowly monitoring network of sensors three. Other natural activities are another cause times higher bigger financial support from local and national ”! Resolutions were adopted ordering the liquidation of the total population of the total population of the in. Also houses cities that topped Europe ’ s study of over 4,000 cities in Indian... Least 85 micrograms per cubic meter is considered acceptable solution for heavily polluted polish towns and villages sci-tech!