.  The cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, Surya. It is dedicated to the sun god, the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India.  Sometimes additional ingredients are added to the sweet dish, such as: cardamom, raisins, Green gram (split), and cashew nuts. Web. They place a leaf of turmeric plant outside their home, and feed the leftover pongal dish and food from Surya Pongal to the birds, particularly crow. Search.  The major cultural festivals on Pongal occur near Madurai. These sites hold traditional community sports such as Uri Adithal ("breaking a hanging mud pot while blindfolded"), Pallanguzhi and Kabbadi, as well as group dance and music performances in major cities and towns. Decorations and social visits are also common in many parts of Karnataka. Credited to the Chola king Kulottunga I (1070-1122 CE), the inscription describes a grant of land to the temple for celebrating the annual Pongal festivities.  Temples and cultural centers organize the ritual cooking of Pongal dish, along with fairs (Pongal mela) with handicrafts, crafts, pottery, sarees, ethnic jewelry for sale. 3) Human sacrifice symbol . Places to see around the world , The Pongal festival, states Ramaswamy, maybe viewed more as a "social festival" since the contemporary celebrations do not necessarily link it to temple rituals. Loading... Close. 1. tamil etymology. , Bhogi is also observed on the same day in Andhra Pradesh. Celebrated for four simultaneous days, this festival is one of the most important festivals of Tamil Nadu. Pongal is a Tamil harvest festival or Winter harvest festival celebrated in Tamil nadu, a south Indian state. Maasi Magam is the special day of which comes in this Month. The term 'pongal' in Tamil means "to boil", and this festival is celebrated as a thanksgiving ceremony for the year's harvest. Mattu refers to "cow, bullock, cattle", and Tamil Hindus regard cattle as sources of wealth for providing dairy products, fertilizer, transportation and agricultural aid. Aṟuvaṭai tirunāḷ. For Pongal, homes and streets are decorated with. It is observed on first day of Tamil month Chithirai. It is also celebrated by tamilians worldwide, including those living in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa, USA, Canada and Singapore. Sangam tardition. List of Tamil Festivals.  It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.. With the end of the wet month of Margazhi (mid December to mid January) the new Tamil month of Thai … Reaping (also means कटाई) is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest typically using a scythe, sickle or reaper.The harvest marks the end of the growing season or the growing cycle for a … , Other events during Pongal include community sports and games such as cattle race, the Jallikattu. Watch Queue Queue. The people assemble and light a bonfire in order to burn the heaps of discards. In an agriculture based civilization the harvest plays an important part. ; Puthandu - Puthandu is also known as the Tamil New Year or Varusha Pirappu.  Some of the major Hindu temple inscriptions from Chola Dynasty to Vijayanagara Empire periods include detailed recipe which are essentially the same as the pongal recipes of the modern era, but for the variations in seasonings and relative amounts of the ingredients. This is the most important Harvest festival celebrated by the people of Tamil Nadu. 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