Ethiopia, Liberia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. CAUSES ANDEFFECTS OFCLIMATE CHANGEDate: 24th November 2012Presented by: NARAINO MAJIENabiilah. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. Ato. Climate change is now a global phenomenon with growth, poverty, food security, and stability implications Because of significant dependence … ReliefWeb Labs projects explore new and emerging opportunities to improve information delivery to humanitarians. Climate change may induce shifts in disease spreading, outbreaks of severe disease, or even introduce new diseases, which may affect livestock that are not usually exposed to these type of diseases (Thornton et al., 2009). It is directly linked to the increase of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, worsening the greenhouse effect. Likewise, in October‐November‐December, projected change in precipitation ranges from −10% to +70% in Ethiopia. Demeke Mekonnen. Natural Resources Management and Environment Department, FAO, Rome. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. The effects of increased CO2 in the atmosphere and changing climatic conditions are expected to include: Predicted changes in the intensity, frequency and extent of disturbances such as fire, cyclone, drought and flood will place existing vegetation under stress and favour species able to rapidly colonise denuded areas. Studies conducted expressly in the context of farmers’ resilience to climate change and climate variability is limited. CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE NATURAL CAUSES Volcanic eruptions 5. This profile aims to give insight in the climate change effects and impacts in Ethiopia, with particular attention for food security and water. Because of significant dependence on the agricultural sector for production, employment, and export revenues, Ethiopia is seriously threatened by climate change, which contributes to frequent drought, flooding, and rising average temperatures. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. List of alerts, ongoing and past disasters covered by ReliefWeb. Climate change increases the costs of development in the poorest countries by between 25 and 30 percent. Groundwater recharge may also be affected with a reduction in the availability of groundwater for drinking water in some regions. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. differ per country and region as well as community and individual, with gender a particularly important vulnerability factor. If climate change mitigation and adaptation are seen as goals in conflict with economic development, the risk being de-prioritized and under-funded Ethiopia could exchange GHG emissions abatement for climate finance to fund some of the required investment FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA. Climate change is now a global phenomenon with growth, poverty, food security, and stability implications. Latest humanitarian reports, maps and infographics and full document archive. The highlands may suffer from more intense and irregular rainfall, leading to erosion, which together with higher temperatures may result in lower agricultural production. Ethiopia is faced with increasingly unpredictable rains, and in some years the complete failure of seasonal rains – occurrences that are linked to climate change. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Although this growth is slower than 10 years ago (1.24% vs. 1.10% per year), with an average increase of 83 million people annually, global population will reach about 8.6 billion in 2030 and 9.8 billion in 2050. Deressa et al. Open job opportunities in the humanitarian field. How do actions taken to reduce the release of greenhouse gases affect water resources and water programs? 1. These countries were chosen on the basis of their geographical spread i.e. o Why does climate change matter to U.S. water program managers? Climate change can affect the potential for wind and solar power, but available projections are associated with significant uncertainty. to climate change. Climate change will affect agriculture through higher temperatures, greater crop water demand, more variable rainfall and extreme climate events such as heat waves, floods and droughts. However, insights into resilience to climate perturbation vary with the scale of analysis. Ethiopia faces numerous development challenges that exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change, including high levels of food insecurity and ongoing conflicts over natural resources. The lowlands are vulnerable to increased temperatures and prolonged droughts that may affect livestock rearing. This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. Climate change presents the single biggest threat to development, and its widespread, unprecedented impacts disproportionately burden the poorest and most vulnerable. Urgent action to combat climate change and minimize its disruptions is integral to the successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Several studies indicate that, without appropriate adaptation measures, direct damages to the European energy system from extreme weather events could amount to billions of euros per year by the end of the century, with much larger indirect costs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Climate change tends to increase the frequency and intensity of rainfall; there may be an increase in the occurrence of flooding due to heavy rainfall events. DEFINITION OF CLIMATE CHANGE “ It is a change which is attributeddirectly or indirectly to human activitythat alters the composition of theglobal atmosphere and which is inaddition to natural climate variabilityobserved over comparative timeperiods” 4. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. What is EPA’s National Water Program doing to … Precise modelling of the influence of climate change on Arabica coffee is limited; there are no data available for indigenous populations of this species. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. Ethiopia is experiencing the effects of climate change. Remote sensing application in agriculture & forestry_Dr Menon A R R (The Kera... No public clipboards found for this slide. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. It complements the publication ‘Climate-smart = Future-Proof! Curated pages dedicated to humanitarian themes and specific humanitarian crises. Climate change seriously threatens sustainable development, poverty reduction and the achieve-ment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly in Africa. For developing countries, the annual cost of infrastructure that is resilient to climate change is around $1.2 trillion to $1.5 trillion, resulting in a yearly $700 billion gap in financing. In this study we model the present and future predicted distribution of indigenous Arabica, and identify priorities in order to facilitate appropriate decision making for conservation, monitoring and future research. Climate change related hotspots of increased food insecurity in the future are likely to include areas in Afar and Tigray, southern Oromia, the central Rift Valley, and the eastern lowlands. The … 2. Rural livelihood systems – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all. The impacts of climate change effects on livelihoods, food and water security, ecosystems, infrastructure etc. Climate Change Forum-Ethiopia (CCF-E), welcomed all the participants and emphasized the importance of capacity-building in averting the already visible impacts of climate change and variability in the East Africa Region in general and Ethiopia in particular. The CRGE growth path would improve … Coping with Drought & Climate Change project (CWDCC) is one of the four Global Environment Facility (GEF) medium size projects being implemented in Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia financed by the GEF Climate Change Adaptation Fund.more See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. include burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests, and developing land for farms, cities, and roads. In many cases this will mean the spread of alien weed species and major changes in the distribution and abund… The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. climate change and its effect on agriculture, Approaches for crop et estimation at field scale, Crops yield estimation through remote sensing. Learn more about ReliefWeb, leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. 3. Ethiopia signed the UNFCCC at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro and later ratified it on 05 April 1994. adverse effects of climate change in western Oromia, Ethiopia. Liberia in West Africa, Ethiopia in East Africa and Zimbabwe and South Africa in Southern Africa and engagement in global processes on climate change and sustainable development. Causes of Climate Change. According to the United Nations (UN, 2017), the world population increased by approximately 1 billion inhabitants during the last 12 years, reaching nearly 7.6 billion in 2017. Besides the direct effects such as an increase in average temperature or a change in rainfall patterns, climate change also presents the necessity and opportunity to switch to a new, sustainable development model. – Guidelines for Integrating climate-smart actions into development policies and activities’ and provides answers to some of the questions that are raised in the step-by-step approach in these guidelines. Ethiopia is faced with increasingly unpredictable rains, and in some years the complete failure of seasonal rains – occurrences that are linked to climate change. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not … Ethiopia has been identified as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate variability and change, and is frequently faced with climate-related hazards, commonly drought and floods. Climate change adaptation and mitigation: challenges and opportunities in the food . o What are the water-related effects of climate change in the United States? List of organizations that are actively providing ReliefWeb with content. Climate change is a term that refers to major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for decades or longer. adopted in 1992 by the international community to combat climate change. Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, World Bank Signs $18 Million Grant to Crowd-in Forest Action in Ethiopia, WMO to build climate resilience in Horn of Africa, Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 11 April 2016, High-level Roundtable Discussion on Humanitarian Response to El Nino Drought - Opening remark by Deputy Prime Minister H.E. climate change adaptation in Ethiopia‟s long-term development pathway, supported by effective institutions and governance structures, finance for implementation and capacity development and strengthened systems for disaster risk management and integration among different sectors. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This, combined with an increasing population and conflict, may lead to greater food insecurity in some areas. Climate change increases risk, particularly for those who rely on weather patterns, agriculture, water, and other natural resources for their livelihoods. The adverse impacts of climate change are already manifesting themselves on the continent in more frequent occurrences of climate events such as floods, droughts, and heat waves. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. Climate change poses a huge challenge to Ethiopia and its people. Photo by Wolf Schram on Unsplash. Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy and complex. sector. Objective Assess local community experience of climate variability and climate change on crop production and responses made to overcome impacts of climate change and variability. Population growth, urbanization, and income rise in developing countries are the main driver of the increased demand for li… B. shows the average location of the June–September 500 mm rainfall isohyets. Open training opportunities in the humanitarian field. It is a country with large differences across its regions, which is reflected in the country’s climate vulnerability (see Map set 1). As such, it will potentially make every one of the Millennium Development Goals less achievable, slowing efforts to eradicate poverty, improve health and protect the environment. RW COVID-19 page: Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses. Climate change in Ethiopia (Funk and others, in press): A. shows the average location of the March–June 500 mm rainfall isohyets for 1960–1989 (light brown), 1990–2009 (dark brown), and 2010–2039 (predicted, orange). Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a general increase in average temperatures of the Earth, which modifies the weather balances and ecosystems for a long time. For example in Ethiopia, projected annual changes in precipitation vary from −6% to +42%, while projected precipitation change in January‐February‐March months range from −42% to +78% under the three climate scenarios (B1, A1B, and A2). Small-scale farmers and pastoralists in Ethiopia are likely to bear the brunt of the negative impacts of climate change in the region, which will include increased poverty, water scarcity, and food insecurity, according to a new Oxfam International report released today. (2008) assessed the vulnerability of households to climate-induced shocks and stresses at national level in Ethiopia. It also sheds light on the policies, priorities and commitments of the government in responding to climate change and important climate-relevant activities that are being implemented, including activities being internationally financed. C. shows the average location of the March–September 900 mm rainfall isohyets. Access your account or create a new one for additional features or to post job or training opportunities. Rationale of the CRGE Growth Trajectory (Cont.) 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. Climate Change 101: How is the global climate changing and what are the causes? climate change threatens the basic elements of life for people throughout the world, harming health and the environment and limiting access to water, food and land. Climate change is well buffered, and resilience builds up by Agroforestry. Prepared for the High-level conference on world food security: the challenges of climate change and bioenergy, Rome, 3-5 June 2008. Evaluating disease dynamics and livestock adaptation will be important to maintain their resilience. Coping with Drought & Climate Change. 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